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John Douglass, 14th of Tilquhillie










John Douglass, 14th of Tilquhillie (Born March 28 1803 in "Tilquhillie Castle" died October 11 1870) was a Scottish textile manufacturer in Thüringen (Vorarlberg) . He was the father of the textile entrepreneur, mountaineer and naturalist John Sholto Douglass, 15th of Tilquhillie and grandfather of the writer Norman Douglas .

From Scottish noble family, the son of John, 13th of Tilquhillie and his wife Penuel McKenzie, John Douglass married in 1837 Jane Margaret Kennedy, the daughter of wealthy industrialist James Kennedy, with whom he had six children, three of whom died in childhood.

The favourable economic and political conditions in Vorarlberg and the availability of water power at that time attracted many foreign entrepreneurs and investors. So the Kennedys were successful together with, the also connected by kinship, textile entrepreneurs and drive specialists, Escher from northeast Switzerland who were already in Feldkirch with a spinning and weaving business.

In 1832, Peter Kennedy bought, in Thuringia, on behalf of John Douglass, a forge and the area around the waterfall fot the construction of a textile mill.

In 1837, Douglass together with Albert Escher and Peter Kennedy in Thuringia, established the "kk privileged cotton Spinnerey and Weberey".

Also in 1837 he married Jane Kennedy, daughter of James Kennedy of Caledon House.

From 1850, John Douglass was sole owner of the company. In the early 1860s he handed over the company to his son John Sholto Douglas and retired to Scotland on his family estate of Tilquhillie Castle, where he died in 1870.

See also:
  • Douglas of Tilqhuillie

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    Last modified: Monday, 25 March 2024