Who was Lady Jane Douglas?

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Lady Jane Douglas - 1
I have received an interesting inquiry:
I am descended from a man named Henry Downs, of England, whose wife was named Jane Douglas. They were born in the late 1600s. Jane was said to be from Castle Douglas, Scotland. Family lore states that Jane may have been banished from the family for marrying Downs. I am looking for information about this couple, and would greatly appreciate any help you can give.

Elsewhere, it is said that:
Lady Jane Douglas was of the house of Douglas in Scotland and may have eloped with Henry Downs and ran away to America.

Henry Downs has been described as a 'Gentleman', as a 'British sea captain' and as the 'builder', Sir Henry Downs, who was at Douglas Castle (not Castle Douglas) to make repairs when he met and fell in love with Lady Jane Douglas. The match was supposedly opposed, so she eloped. The story continues that when the estate of Richard Douglas, a Charleston merchant, made a loan of £500,000 to the South Carolina forces during the war, the funds were provided by Lady Jane, though whether an eloping girl could take those sorts of funds with her is doubtful.

It is thought that Henry and Jane married in about 1715, an interesting year in the history of Douglas Castle.

Archibald, Duke of Douglas, 1694-1761 became involved in the civil wars that were caused by the dynastic rivalries of the houses of Hanover and Stuart in the eighteenth century. During the Jacobite rebellion of 1715 he sided with the Hanoverian government and mustered 300 of his men at Douglas Castle to join the Duke of Argyll. However lack of provisions meant that they could not depart.

The succession of the Duke of Douglas was a hotly contested action, giving rise to the 'Douglas cause', discussed elsewhere about another Lady Jane Douglas.

A third Lady Jane Douglas of about that time who surfaces is thought to have married an Andrew Martin, son of Sir Thomas Martin.

The portrait (above) of Lady Jane Douglas is, in the book The DOWNES or DOWNS FAMILY GENEALOGY, associated with Henry Down's wife, but there must be some doubt about that. Painted by the prominent Scottish portrait-painter, Allan Ramsay (1713-1784) Lady Jane Douglas is depicted as a shepherdess seated in a landscape. The young woman is probably around 20 years old, and Ramsay would have had to paint that whilst still in nappies (diapers).

I have a note of Henry and Jane's parents, which is incorrect, but repeat it so that others might be aware.

Henry Downs was christened at Diddlebury, Shropshire, England 10 Feb 1707. His parents were Adam Downs and Mrs. Adam Downs.
He married Jane Douglas . Jane Douglas was christened at Douglas, Lanark, Scotland 18 Mar 1698 daughter of James Douglas and Mary Kerr.

James Douglas, 2nd Marquess of Douglas was born in 1646. He was the son of Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus and Lady Anne Stuart. He married by contract, firstly, Lady Barbara Erskine, daughter of John Erskine, 21st/4th Earl of Mar and Jean Mackenzie, on 7 September 1670. He married by contract, secondly, Lady Mary Kerr, daughter of Robert Kerr, 1st Marquess of Lothian and Lady Jean Campbell, on 13 December 1692 at Newbattle Abbey, Newbattle, Scotland. James died on 25 February 1699/0 at Douglas, Scotland and was buried there on 1 March 1699/0.

James and Mary had two sons and a daughter, Lady Jane. This is the Lady Jane of the portrait and Lady Jane Douglas of The Douglas Cause. She was born on 17 March 1698 at Douglas. She married Sir John Stewart of Grandtully, 3rd Bt., son of Sir Thomas Stewart of Balcaskie, 1st Bt. and Lady Jean Mackenzie, on 4 August 1746 in a secret marriage. She died on 22 November 1753 at age 55 at Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

Pearl Jones, wife of Eugene Lemuel Downs, five generations from Henry, many years ago told [me] that the Downs family once owned land near Manchester but the Queen took it from then.  There are indeed a good many of the Downs name around Macclesfield, a few miles south of  Manchester.

Lady Jane Douglas - 2

I have received the following request:

I am attempting to research my families history in the Americas. I have been given the task to find the origin of one Andrew Martin. He is the son of Sir Thomas Martin of England & Scotland, husband of one Lady Douglas, sister of one Lord Douglas, but which one?. The son of Thomas migrated to the Americas in the eighteenth century.

To discern Andrew's place of birth, I am forced to look closer at his antecedents.

However, others are looking for a Sir Thomas MARTIN and Lady DOUGLAS, from whom are descended Thomas (Amer Rev)>Andrew>John, Thomas, Jane, Elizabeth. Jane married William WILSON in York Cty, PA. Andrew, her father owned a "plantation" in Newbury Twp, PA which was willed to the two boys John and Thomas. John, Thomas and Jane I believe were in Wheeling WV (VA) together and then moved on to Bristolville, Trumbull, OH. John and Thomas then moved on to Mogadore, Summit, OH.

Andrew Martin's will lists only 4 children: Thomas, John, Jean and Elizabeth and I have a good idea on all siblings/descendants except Elizabeth. Thomas MARTIN, father of Andrew, was an ensign in the American Revolution Don't know of any other siblings to Andrew.

I am told that the Martin family of the Ohio branch locating in the Western Reserve can be traced back to the 17th century among the Irish, English and Scottish Protestant converts, the later including Sir Thomas Martin of England and Scotland who married Lady Douglas, sister of Lord Douglas of Scotland.

This appears to be the same family:

Isaac Martin's parents were Daniel and Elizabeth (Wynne) Martin. Their children included Abigail (b. 178?, m. George Sypolt), Mary (b. 1790, Philadephia PA, m. Christopher Sypolt), Jacob B. (b. 1793, Fayette Co. PA, m. Mary Metheny Miller), Sarah (b. 1795, m. John McNair), Isaac (b. 1797, Preston Co., VA, m. Susannah Metheny), John (b. 1800, Preston Co., VA, m. Sarah Sypolt). I believe the Morton History of Preston County says that Isaac was a shoemaker.

Daniel was a Revolutionary War soldier who, according to the 1850 Census, was born in New Jersey. You will see, however, in various histories of Preston County that he was from Germany. One source says that this is from his pension application but I did not see any reference in that document to his birthplace. The DAR database also has him born in Germany. There are family histories that have him as a descendant of John Martin (b. Devon, England), early settler of Dover, New Hampshire and Piscataway, New Jersey. [John > Thomas > Gershom > Daniel > Daniel]. I have not yet found, though, the information from Gershom to Daniel to Daniel. After Elizabeth died in 1837, Daniel Martin married Sarah Painter and then in 1841, when he was 90+ years old, Eve Everly.

So, we are no nearer knowing if Henry Downs's wife was a Lady, nor who her parents were.

Not forgetting:
The theory that the James 'The Good' Lord Douglas had a daughter, Jane.  But perhaps this is just speculation?

This image has been doctored to caption it 'Lady Jane Douglas'.  However it is not her!
The original engraving, below the trimmed part, was captioned "Margareta ab Austria, Dei gratia, Parma et Placentiae Ducissa" which roughly translated, is "Margaret of Austria, by the grace of God, duchess of Parma and Piacenza." Further information about, and a scan of, the complete untrimmed original engraving from 1636. Margareta was the illegitimate daughter of Emperor Charles V by his mistress Johanna Maria van der Gheynst.

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