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Archibald Douglas







This article contains unverified and conflicting information, so should be treated with caution.

  • Possibly born in or near Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland in 1665.
  • Father of five sons Thomas: (1690-1757); Archibald (1695-1756); James (1697-1757); Andrew(1702-1747); and William (1700-1740), who moved to Ireland and had one son, William Douglas II (1725-1797, who came to live with an uncle on the death of his father, then m. Elizabeth Matthews (1730-1820) on 21st June 1753 at Christ Lutheran Church in York. They lived in Chanceford Township, PA (appearing in a book on the history of that township), raising a family of David, Mary, Richard, Martha, Elizabeth, William III, John, James, Mary, and Rebecca).
  • Father of two (or more?) daughters: one would seem to be Margaret (b. 1685, m. Conrad Bacher Rutter. Other female issue identified as daughters but which would seem to be granddaughters from the dates of birth are Mary (1704-1792, who married John Gibson), Ann (b. 1706 who married John Caldwell), and Jane (b. 1708 who married James Wilson, Jr.). This information researched by the former Convener of Clan Douglas in Oregon.
  • Around 1726 Lord Archibald chartered a ship and brought his family, close friends, and possessions and landed at New Castle, Delaware.
  • One of Lord Archibald's daughters migrated to America some years earlier.
  • He apparently left Scotland after his brother, John, was killed in the Scottish skirmishes. He turned his Scottish property over to his sister who was married to Lord Home. If true, this would make him the son of John Douglas of Newcastle.
  • Died 1727 (or 29th February 1728) in Kent, Delaware Colony, age 62.
  • Many Douglasses have tried and failed to definitely research Lord Archibald. Maise Hanson, working from information and education provided by the former Covener of Clan Douglas in Oregon, Lord Archibald's path to Pennsylvania came through Ireland. He was monied -- family history says that he chartered a ship from Edinburgh. They were members of the Anglican, not the Reformed (Presbyterian) church. As most Scots who did not retain Catholicism were Presbyterians, the fact that the Douglass clan was Anglican may indicate that they were probably among the "overseers" hired by the English to manage the vast estates in Northern Ireland. This would account for the family wealth, its Anglicanism, and the path to America coming through Ireland.
  • A Douglass descendant in Pennsylvania provided the following information:
    Lord Archibald Douglass was the grandson of Sir William Douglas, 9th Earl of Drumlanrig and 1st Earl of Queensbury who was born about 1582 and died in 1640. He had two sons: one was the father of Lord Archibald, whose name is not revealed, and the other is Sir William Douglas of Kelhead who died in 1673. His son was Sir James Douglas, baronet of Nova Scotia, born 19 September 1639 and died April 1708. This would make Lord Archibald Douglass and Sir James of Nova Scotia first cousins.
    This descendant also claims that Lord Archibald had a fifth son, William, born 1700, who went to Ireland and died there. He in turn had a son William II who came to America and settled around Chester County, Pennsylvania.
  • A sister, b. Scotland c. 1667 married Lord Home, and a brother John b. c. 1670.
  • Father of:
    Margaret (b. c. 1685, m. Conrad Bacher Rutter),
    Archibald Sr. (prob. born Edinburgh, 1696, d. 11/26/1756, Lancaster, PA, m. Jean ?, interred in St. John's Episcopal Church),
    James (q.v.),
    Thomas (b. Ireland or Scotland c. 1700, d. 6/28/1796, Lancaster, interred in St. John's),
    Andrew (b. Ireland or Scotland in 1702, m. Jane Ross, d. 2/2/1742(1796??), Lancaster, interred in St. John's),
    Mary (b. Ireland or Scotland c. 1704, d. c. 1796 in PA, m. John Gibson),
    Ann (b. Ireland or Scotland, c. 1706, m. John Caldwell),
    Jane (b. Ireland or Scotland c. 1708, m. James Wilson, Jr. [b. c. 1705], brother of her sister-in-law Jane).


James Douglas: Born in Ireland or Scotland about 1697.
Married in Scotland.
Emigrated to Pennsylvania c. 1725.
Died about 1741 in Salisbury Twp., Lancaster Co., PA, interred at St. John's Episcopal Church in Compass, West Cald Twp., Chester Co., PA.


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Last modified: Monday, 25 March 2024