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Index of first names

Douglas Members of Parliament, Scotland : including the minor barons, the commissioners for the shires, and the commissioners for the burghs, 1357-1882 : on the basis of the parliamentary return 1880, with genealogical and biographical notices"



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Alexander (Mr.), provost Banff 16 /^x, 1643 conv., 1644-5, 1649-50, 1651,

[1656-8 (Wilms).

Alexander of Spynie Elgin and Forreshire 1669-74.

Sir Alexander Douglas (b. Unknown, d. January 1718) was a Burgh and Shire Commissioner of Orkney and Shetland for the Parliament of Scotland and was also the first MP to represent the constituency.

Archibald, provost Edinburgh 1526 1560.


Douglas — continued.


Sir William Douglas, M.P. Roxburghshire 1617 conv. =

Sir William Douglas of Cavers, M.P. Roxburghshire 1612, etc. =

1 1

Sir Archibald Douglas of Cavers, M.P. Roxburghshire 1661-3 =


I i

Sir William Douglas of 2 Archibald Douglas of Cavers,
Cavers(sonofSir William), M.P. Roxburghshire 1700-2,

M.P. Roxburghshire 1690-8. 1702-7, 1707-8 ; Dumfries burghs
1727-34 =


William Douglas of Cavers, M.P. Roxburghshire 1715-22,
1722-7, 1727-34, 1742-7.

Archibald (sir), of Whittinghame the laird of Whittinghame sat as a minor

[baron 1604, 1604, conv.; Haddington constabulary 1605, 1607, 1608.
Sir Archibald Douglas, of Whittinghame, a lord of session 8 Aug. 1590, upon the resigna-
tion of his father, William Douglas, of Whittinghame, a lord of session and probably M.P. ;
accompanied James to Norway on his marriage in 1589 ; knighted and admitted a privy
councillor 29 May 1603 ; resigned his seat on the bench May l6l8 ; m. and left issue, a son
Archibald, virho d. 28 Nov. 1660, leaving his sister Elizabeth, Viscountess Kingston, his [heir.

Archibald, of Tofts Berwickshire 161 "j. (Note: He was probably a Commissioner - see below)

Archibald Roxburghshire 1644 conv.

? Brother of Sir William Douglas, of Cavers, who died 1676.

Archibald (sir), of Cavers, knt. Roxburghshire 1661-3.

Also of Denholm and Spittal (son of Sir William Douglas, knt. , M.P. , named below) ;

had a command in the parliament army ; m. Rachel, dau. of Sir James Skene, of Hallyards,

[president of the court of session, and had a son. Sir William.

Archibald, of Cavers, heritable sheriff of Teviotdale Roxburghshire (or

sheriffdom of Teviotdale) 1700-?, 1702-7, satin ist parlt. of Great Britain

[1707-8 ; Dumfries burghs 1727-34, then styled " elder of Cavers.''

Brother of Sir William Douglas, of Cavers, and 2nd son of Sir William Douglas, also of

Cavers ; receiver-genl, Scotland 1705-18 ; postmaster-genl. 1725 ; d. 1741, having m. Anna,

[dau. of Francis Scott, of Gorrenbery, and had with other issue William, M.P.

Archibald (major-genl.), of Kirktown — —Dumfries burghs, 1754-61 (then It.-
CoL of the regiment of dragoons commanded by Sir Robert Rich) ; Dumfries-

[shire 1761-8, 1768-74 (then major-genL
General in the army 19 March 1778, col. 13th dragoons 1758 until his death at Dublin

[about Oct. 1778, leaving a son


Douglas — continued.


Sir James Douglas, laird of Drumlanrig, sat as a baron 1608, 1609 ^


I j

Sir William, cr. Earl of Queensberry, Sir James Douglas, of MouswaH,
M.P. Dumfries 1617 := M.P. Dumfries 1644, 1649, 1650-1.

I i ^1

(James 2nd Earl) == (Sir William of Kelhead, cr. (Archibald of Domock) ==

a baronet) i^


I i

(William, ist Duke of (Sir James of Kelhead, 2nd (William of Domock) =
Queensberry) =z bart.) ^= I



William of Domock,

(James, Duke of Dover (Lord William (Sir William of Kel- M.P. Dumfries 1702-
and Queensberry) = Douglas)^ head, 3rd bart. = 7.

L _i !


John Douglas, of Brougljtoii, Sir John of Kelhead, 4th

(CHARLES,3rdDuke) M.P. Peebles-shire 1722-32. bart., M.P. Dumfries-
= shire 1741-7 =

Charles Douglas, M.P. Dumfries Sir William of Kelhead, 5th bart., M.P.

1747-S4 (Earl of Drumlanrig). Dumfries burghs 1768-74, 1774-80 =



Lord William Robert Keith

QoHN, 6th Marquis of Queens- Douglas, M.P. Dumfries in 6

berry)= parlts., 1812-32.


Archibald William Douglas, Visct. Drumlanrig,
M.P. Dumfries-shire 1847-52, 1852-7.

Archibald, of Douglas — — Forfarshire 1782-4, 1784-90.

Baron Douglas, of Douglas, co. Lanark, so cr. 8 July 1790 (eldest son of Sir John Stewart,

of GrandtuUy, Bart. — see Foster's Baronetage — by his wife, Jane Douglas, only sister and

heir of Archibald, Duke of Douglas) ; col. Forfar mil. ; lord lieut. Forfarshire; b. 10 July

1748; d. 26 Dec. 1827, leaving with other issue Charles, M.P., succ. as 3rd lord.

Charles, of Kellwood, commonly called Lord Charles D., 2nd son to Charles,

Duke of Queensberry and Dover Dumfries-shire 1747-54, 1754, until he

became (by the death of his brother) the eldest son of a peer of Scotland 19

[Oct. same year.

Earl of Drumlanrig (on the death of his brother Henry, 19 Oct. 1754) ; b, 17 July 1726 ;

[d. unm. 24 Oct. 1756.


Douglas — continued

Charles, second son of the deceased Archibald, Lord Douglas, of Douglas

{Lanarkshire 1830-1, 1831-2 (then of Douglas Castle).

3rd Lord Douglas (on the death of his brother Archibald 27 Jan. 1844), son of Archibald,

[M.P., afsd. ; major Forfarshire militia ; b. 26 Oct. 1775 ; d. unm. 10 Sept. 1S48.

David Edinburgh 1646-7, 1648.

George (col.), brother to (Robert) Earl ot Morton Linlithgow burghs 1708-

10, 1710-13, 1715-22 ; Orkney and Shetlandshire 1713-15, 1722-7, 1727
[(then of St. OUa) until he succ. as Earl of Morton s.b. 7 May 1730.

13th Earl of Morton (son of James, loth Earl) ; a col. in the army ; vice-admiral of
[Scotland 1733 ; d. 4 Jan. 1738, aged 77, leaving with other issue a son Robert, M.P.

George (sir), of Sprihgwood Park, bart. Roxburghshire 1784-90 (then captain

ist foot guards), 1790-6 (then a baronet), 1796-1802, 1802-6.

2nd Baronet (on the death of his father. Admiral Sir James Douglas, M.P. ; served in2lst regt.
and 1st foot guards 1771-89 ; b. I March 1754 : d. 4 June 1821, having m. 16 Oct. 1786,
Lady Elizabeth Boyle, dau. of John, 3rd Earl of Glasgow; she d. 15 Feb. 1801, leaving


George Henry Scott (sir), of Springwood Park, Roxburghshire Roxburgh-

\shire 1874-80.

Grandson of Sir George Douglas, bart., M.P., last named, capt. late 34th regt., It. -col.
Border rifle volunteers ; a brigadier-general (Queen's body guard) royal company of archers ;
contested Roxburghshire 1880 ; b. 19 June 1825 ; m. and has issue. See Foster's Baronetage

[His eldest son, James Henry, lieut. 2nd R. Scots Fusiliers, fell in Zulu war 23 July 1879.^

Hector Tain 162 1.

James, of Haddington 1479.

James (sir), laird of Drumlanrig, sat as a minor baron 1608, 1609 conv.

Only son of Sir William Douglas, of Hawick, and grandson of Sir James Douglas of
Drumlanrig ; he d. 16 Oct. 1615, having m. Mary, eldest dau. of John, 5th Lord Fleming,
and had with other issue Sir William, cr. Earl of Queensbeiry, and Sir James, M.P., of [Mouswald.

James (sir), of Spott, knt. Haddington constabulary 1612.

James Douglas, commendator of Pluscardine, natl. son of James, Earl of Morton, had a
charter^ 31 Jan. 1577-8, of the lands of Easter Spott, co. Edinburgh, etc., from George

[Home, fiar of Spott. Douglas, vol. ii., 271, note.

James, of Mouswall Dumfries sheriffdom and stewartry of Annandale 1644,

(laird of Mouswall,— see William, M.P.) 1649, 1650-51.
Probably identical with Sir James Douglas of Mouswald, 2nd son of Sir James, M.P,

James (lt.-genl.), of Skirling Peebles-shire 1685-6

A col. 1685, It.-gen. 1686, ? killed at Steinkirk 169?.


Douglas— continued.

James (sir), of St. 011a Orkney and Shetlandshire 1754-61, 1761-8, then

[a knt.

Sir James Douglas, adm. of the white, knighted as messenger who brought the announce-
ment of the surrender of Quebec 16 Oct. 1757, commanded a fleet at the Leeward Islands
1761, took Dominica, and the same year had a broad pendant at the siege of Martinique,
and was created a baronet 27 June 1 786 (son of George Douglas of Frearshaw, co. Roxburgh) ;
d. 2 Nov. 1787, having m. 1st, 1753, Helen, dau. of Thomas Brisbane, of Brisbane, co.
Renfrew ; she d. 20 Mar, 1766. He m. 2ndly, Lady Helen Boyle, dau. of John, 2nd Earl [of Glasgow; she d. s.p. 17 Oct. 1794.

John Crail 1585.

John (Mr.), councillor Elgin 1639-40, 1643 conv., 1645 (then provost), 1650

[(or Mr. John Hay),

John, of Broughton, brother-german of William, Earl of March Peebles-shire

[1722-7 (styled "master"), 1727 until his death s. b. 28 April 1732.

Grandson of William, 1st Duke of Queensberry ; d. unm. 21 March 1732.

John (sir), of Kelhead Dumfries burghs 1735, unseated on petition,

[Dumfries-shire 1741-7.

Sir John Douglas, 3rd Bart, (son of Sir William Douglas, Bart.) ; committed to the Tower

on suspicion of favouring the Stuarts 14 Aug. 1746, liberated March 1748; d. at Drumlanrig

13 Nov. 1778 ; m. Christian, 6th dau. of Sir William Cunningham, of Caprington, co. Ayr,

Bart. ; she d. Nov. 1 741, leaving with other issue a son. Sir William, M.P., father of Sir

[Charles, who succ. as 5th Marquis of Queensberry. See that title, Foster's Peerage.

Robert (sir), of Blackerstoun Berwickshire 1661-3.

[Elizabeth, dau. and heir of Douglas, of Blackerston, m. as 1st wife to Sir Robert

[Sinclair, of Longformacus, or, a baronet of Nova Scotia 10 Dec. 1664.]

Robert (Mr.), brother-german to James, Earl of Morton Kirkwall 1702-7,

[ Wick burghs 1708-10.
I2th Earl of Morton on the death of his brother James, Dgc. 1715. He d. unm. 17 March


Robert, of Strathendrie Fifeshire 1703 until his death s. b. 25 April 1706.

Married Susan, dau. of John, 3rd Lord Balfour pf Burleigh, and had issue. i

Robert (col.), of St. 01b, younger son of George, Earl of Morton '

Orkney zxid, Shetlandshire 1730-4, 1734-41; (brother-german to James, Earl

[of Morton), 1741 (then colonel) until his death s.b. 19 Feb., 1746-7.

3rd son of George Douglas, MP. (afterwards 13th Earl of Morton) ; A.D.C. to the king,

with rank of colonel, July, 1743 ; had a company in 3rd regt. foot guards ; fell at Fontenoy

[30 April 1745.

William, of Whittingham Haddington constabulary 1605.

Possibly father of Sir Archibald, M,P., who succeeded him as a lord of session 8 Aug.

[1590, or more probably a brother of Sir Archibald.

William (sir), sheriff Roxburghshire 161 7 conv.

Probably father of the next named Sir William, M.P.


Douglas — continued.

William (sir), of Cavers, knt. Roxburghshire 1612 (then younger), 1617

parlt, (Mr. William); 1621, (Mr. William); 1628-33, (Sir William of Cavers,
sheriff), 1639-40 (then sheriff-principal, he was absent in England on state
business in 1640-1, during sessions 2 and 3), 1644, 1645-6 (see Cavers), 1650 i

[ (laird of Cavers).

Said to have died 1658 ; probably son of Sir William Douglas, sheriff of Roxburghshire,

M.P. aforesaid; father of Sir Archibald Douglas, M.P., by his wife Anne Douglas, of


William (sir) Dumfries sheriffdom and stewartry of Antiandale 16 17,

[ ('the laird of Drumlanrig ").

Earl of Queensberry, etc. ; so created 13 June 1663 (see Foster's Peerage) ; served heir

of his father, Sir James Douglas, of Drumlanrig, 17 Oct. 1615 ; entertained King James VI.

[in his house at Drumlanrig 1617 ; d. 8 March 1640, leaving issue.

V/illiam, of Mouswall Dumfries sheriffdom and stewartry of Annandale

[1644 (laird of Mouswall), 1648-9.

William (Mr.), of Egilshaw, Orkney and Zetland 1667 conv.

William (sir), of Cavers, heritable sheriff of Teviotdale, ■ Roxburghshire (or

{sheriffdom of Teviotdale) 1690, until his death s.b. 2 Aug. 1698.
Eldest son of Sir William Douglas, knt., of Cavers ; he m. Elizabeth, dau. of John

[Douglas of Newcastle, and d. s.p.

W^illiam, of Dornock Dumfries (or Nithsdale) sheriffdom and stewartry of

\Annandale, 1702-7.
Probably son of William Douglas of Dornock, who was son of Archibald, brother of

[James, 2nd Earl of Queensberry.

William (younger), of Kirkness Kinross-shire 1715-22.

Probably elder son of Sir Robert Dougla? of Kirkness ; died s. p. m.

William, of Cavers Roxburghshire 1715-22, Dumfries burghs 1722-7.

(younger), Roxburghshire 1727-34, (an officer of the crown 1728), 1742-7.

Eldest son of Archibald Douglas, M.P. ; keeper of the general register of Homings 1 728,
[storekeeper Custom House Ireland; died unm. Jan. 1748.

William (younger), of Kelhead Dumfries burghs 1768-74, 1774-80.

Sir William Douglas, of Kelhead, 4th baronet (on the death of his father, Sir John, M.P.);
d. 16 May, 1783, leaving with other issue a son. Sir Charles, who succeeded as 5th Marquis
of Queensberry. See that title Foster's Peerage and Lord William Douglas, M.P., next


William Robert Keith, youngest brother of Charles, Marquis of Queensberry

Dumfries, 1812-18, ("youngest son of late Sir William Douglas, of

Kelhead, bart") 1818-20 (then of London, merchant) 1820-6 (a lord of the

[admiralty 1822, 1824), 1826-30, 1830-1, 1831-2.

Lord William Robert Keith Douglas, precedence of the son of a marquis granted him by

patent 4 May 1837 ; a lord of the admiralty Feb.-March 1822, 1824-7; died S Dec. 1859,

having m. 24 Nov. 1821, Elizabeth, eldest dau. of Walter Irvine, esq.; she d.25 AprU 1846,




Commissioners of the Scottish Parliament

A Commissioner was a legislator appointed or elected to represent a royal burgh or shire in the pre-Union Scottish Parliament and the associated Convention of the Estates. Member of Parliament (MP) and Deputy are equivalent terms in other countries.

From the 16th century, the 'second estate of the nobility' was reorganised by the selection of Shire Commissioners from the lower nobility: this has been argued to have created a fourth estate.

Each shire, stewartry or constabulary sent two Shire Commissioners to parliament, with the exception of the small shires of Clackmannan and Kinross which only sent one. However, each shire had only one vote, meaning that the two commissioners had to cooperate and compromise with each other. They appear to have possessed plena potestas, and were not necessarily required to consult their electorates.

Early shire commissioners were lesser barons, with the earliest recorded shire election being on 31 January 1596, in Aberdeenshire.

The powers of the shire commissioners greatly expanded over time, especially with the long-term decline in power of the prelates. In 1640, the Covenanters abolished the episcopates, and each shire commissioner was given their own vote. This arrangement continued upon the Restoration of the Episcopates in 1662

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