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Thomas Douglas 






Thomas (26 Apr 1732 - 1787) was the eldest son of John Douglas (d. 1762) of St. George's, Hanover Square, an innkeeper of the Hercules Pillars in Hyde Park Road, and Mary Gardiner (d. 1766), sometimes referred to as Thomas Douglas of Grantham.

Of nine siblings only the three boys survived.


Originally engaged in mercantile pursuits (He worked in the cotton industry(1)), he went on to reside at Grantham in Lincolnshire. Served as High Sheriff of that County in 1776.  


He was well known on the turf, and entered a 'Confederate', from 1780 to 1785, with Earl Grosvenor in the match book at Newmarket. He bred racehorses(2).


He had estates in the counties of Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Flint, Lanark, Lincoln and Middlesex, with cotton mills in Lancashire.


His brother, William was a business partner and cloth merchant.


  • Birth:  1732
  • Death: 1787, in London

    Father: John Douglas, 1707 - 1762
    Mother: Mary Gardner


Marriage 1 Harriett Lucke

  1. Harriet Douglas, married 7 September 1797 Benjamin, Lord Bloomfield. She was a ranger of Hampton Court Park. (But, see note 4
  2. John Douglas, MP
  3. Archibald Douglas, who entered the army and went with his regiment to West Indies, where he died young, leaving one daughter.
  4. Louisa Douglas, married John Norris, of Hawley House, Hants(5)
  5. Mary Douglas
  6. Juliet Douglas


Upper Cotton Mill, HolywellNotes:

1.  Thomas Douglas may have been a bleacher near the Spaw in Salford. The Spaw was the local interpretation of the word spa due to their being a natural pool of very good clear cold water there in which bathing took place it was conveniently situated below pub which was built over it. Thomas at one point offered 20 guineas for the return of velvet cloth that had been stolen from his croft which was out to dry. An apparently a common problem for the bleachers working in Salford at the time.


2. [Bordeaux, ex-Nebuchadnezzar] gr c 1774 (King Herod - Sister to Gog, by Cygnet). Sire Line Herod. Family 5. Bred in Lincolnshire by Thomas Douglas of Grantham, who also bred the St Leger winner Serina (b f 1778 Goldfinder) and the Oaks winners Tetotum (b f 1777 Matchem) and Trifle (br f 1782 Justice), Bourdeaux was a full brother to Florizel and half brother to Flimnap* (b c 1765 South).


3.  Kenneth David Morton Douglas writes:
I have been searching for a Samuel Douglas that was alive around the same time as my great.great.great grandfather Rev James Douglas as I have in my possession a letter (dated 19/05/1817) written by one Samuel Douglas to Rev James Douglas.

The letter concerns the will (which can be seen in the National Archives) of Ellen the Countess Dowager Conyngham (1725 - 1816) and a bequest that she made to one John Douglas of Grantham (1774-1839) and his four sisters.

They were the children of Thomas Douglas of Grantham (1732-1787) and his wife Harriett Lucke. Thomas was brother to Rev James Douglas.

The letter seems to imply that there was some skulduggery going on with regards the bequest and that Samuel, who must have been living in the London area, was trying to get to the bottom of it by visiting Doctors Commons and viewing the will.

Samuel is writing in response to a letter that Rev James had written to his mother and mentions in it the following names:-

Cousin Margaret Douglas

Joshua Douglas Esq (who apparently lived at Coghill Hall, which was purchased by Lady Ellen in 1796 and the name changed to Conyngham Hall).

He also asks where Marmaduke Douglas lived and in what part of Wales he died.

4.  Some sources report that Harriet was the ' eldest daughter of the late John Douglas, Esq., Ranger of Hampton Court Park', and 'that lady, who is Ranger of Hampton Court Park'. How she was appointed to this position, I don't know, but it is of interest that In 2014, a Paul Douglas was the ranger who cares for the deer herds in Home Park.


5.  And/or of Hughenden, Buckinghamshire?  Ellen, Countess of Conyngham who left inheritance to the children of Thomas Douglas. She was a cousin on John Norris Snr, and the granddaughter of Charles Savage, the family that bought Hughenden before the Norrises inherited it. She inherited wealth through the Savages, her father Solomon Merrett and her husband, Henry Conyngham, 1st and last Earl Conynham - even her Aunt Elizabeth Boulter who also died childless. Ellen bought up young John Norris and treated him as her own child. He created a very loving memorial to her at Hughenden, after she died at the age of 91. The only connection with the Douglas's I know about is through Louisa, daughter of Thomas Douglas. However, there must have been more to it than that because she undertook to provide for his four children in her will



See also:
•  The Cotton Twist Company


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Last modified: Saturday, 16 June 2018