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Henry & Francis of New Castle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 



Leith, Scotland to Perth Amboy, New Jersey
December 1685

Ship "Henry and Francis" of New Castle, departed from the port of Leith, September 5, 1685, arrived at Perth Amboy, New Jersey, in the middle of December, 1685. Three hundred and fifty tons, twenty great guns, Richard Hutton, master.

Perth Amboy. In 1685, George Scot, Laird of Pitlochie, was given his liberty in Scotland provided he transported to East Jersey many of the Covenanters who had refused to take the oath of allegiance to a tyrannical and profligate ruler.

Thus authorized, he proceeded to gather his company from those confined in the tolbooth of Leith. He had to give security to land them there prior to September, 1686, and the penalty was to be five hundred merks in case of failure in any instance.

In May, 1685, Scot chartered the Henry and Francis of New Castle, a ship of three hundred and fifty tons and twenty great guns, with Richard Hutton as master.

On the eve of their banishment, twenty-eight of them signed the following conjunct testimony; bearing:
"That, now to leave their own native and Covenanted land by an unjust sentence of banishment for owning truth and. standing by duty, studying to keep their Covenants engagements and baptismal vows, whereby they stand obliged to resist and testify against all that is contrary to the Word of God and their Covenants; and that their sentence of banishment ran chiefly because they refused the oath of allegiance which in conscience they could not take, because in so doing they thought utterly declined the Lord Jesus Christ from having any power in His own house, and practically would; by taking it, sat, "He was not King and Head of His Church and over them consciences. And, on the contrary, this was to take and put in His room a man whose breath is in his nostrils; yea, a man who is a sworn enemy to religion; an avowed papist, whom, by our Covenants; we are bound to withstand and disown, and that agreeably to Scripture: When thou art come unto the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and shalt dwell therein, and shalt say, I will set a King over me, like as all the nations that are about me, thou shalt in any wise set him King over thee, whom the Lord thy God shalt choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set King over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother. Deut. 17: 14-15. They then bore their testimony against the defections of the day, and for preaching in the fields and homes, and then signed their names.


Amongst the 125 passengers, were Charles and William Douglas.

 

Covenanters Section
Contents
 
  • The Killing Times
  • Battle of Bothwell Brig
  • The Wreck of The Crown
  • Henry & Francis
  • Jamie Douglas - poem
  • Incident at Martyrs Moss
  • Col James Douglas
  • Battle of Drumclog
  • List of Covenanters
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