Douglas of Kirkness
There are two places named Kirkness, one in Orkney and one in Kinross. Both have a Douglas family associated with the name. I am not sure that I have managed to distinguish between them. This may, in part, be due to errors in early historians confusing two of the sons of the 6th Earl, Archibald and George.
Sir George Douglas of Kirkness, d1609, 4th son of William, 6th earl of Morton, is, the first Douglas of Kirkness, in Kinross. He married (1597) Margaret Forrester, daughter of Thomas Forrester of Strathendry.
Sir George's eldest son son was Archibald, born about 1600, died 1620, who married in 1625 , as her first husband, Elizabeth Broun, daughter of Robert Broun of Finderlie and Balquharne and his wife Katherine Douglas (dau of John Douglas of Kinneston, cadet of Lochleven). Their only son, Sir William, k1650, succeeded him as 3rd of Kirkness (See below).
Sir William was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir Robert, 4th of Kirkness, b 1684, married Jean Balfour, (see below*) daughter of John, 3rd Lord Balfour of Burleigh. His 2nd son was Sir William of Kinlassie. Sir Robert had two sons, William and Robert, both of whom died without issue, and so Sir William of Kinlassie inherited as 5th of Kirkness.
His son, Charles Aytoun Douglas of Kinlassie became 6th of Kirkness, married Christian Hepburn of Kinglassie (d 1788). Their 3rd son, Charles, was next to inherit, the 1st and 2nd sons having no male issue.
This Charles, (1727-1789) a Rear Admiral, was created a baronet for his services in the Royal Navy in Canada.
The Scots Baronetage states: "The last of this line is Major General William Douglas of Kirkness, who died in 1747." Actually, the title reverted to his uncle William, 5th of Kirkness. According to Wikipedia, he was a brigadier-general, and married to Lady Anne Howard, daughter of Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle as her 2nd husband. (see below**) It should be noted that his sister, Isabel, was retoured heir to him in 1754. From his other sister, Helen, who married Rev Robert Douglas, minister of Portmoak, descends the Douglas-Clephanes and the Marquis of Northampton.
It appears from the document reproduced below that the lands passed to the surviving daughters, Helen and Margaret and that Helen's daughter, Ann Jean Douglas acquired " the Superiority of the lands and Barony of Kirkness with the Priors Manse of Saint Servan within the Town of Kirkness " but this was subsequently lost, through debt, to the church.
The earliest Douglas of Kirkness, in Orkney, that I have been able to identify is Sir Archibald (b. abt 1600), son of Sir Archibald Douglas of Killour. This line apparently continues through Sir Howard Douglas, Bart, though I have no records of the use of 'of Kirkness' after Sir William, 1644-1683. However, although Sir Howard's line goes back to Sir Archibald, he has been described as being a 'lineal descendant of Sir George Douglas of Kirkness'. Howard, therefore, would seem to be a grandson of Sir Charles, Bt, the 6th of Kirkness. Was there also a connection with Orkney?
Colonel Sir William Douglas, who had his own regiment, fell at Broxmouth, where there is a monument in his honour, following the disastrous Battle of Dunbar in 1650. 30 officers of the Douglas of Kirkness Regiment died that day, and countless soldiers. This is probably the same William Douglas who was required to supply an armed force from the county of Kinross under the terms of the 1649 'Act for putting the kingdom in a posture of defence'.
A Col William Douglas of Kirkness is mentioned in a Fife deed dated 8th Feb 1738, possibly William Douglas, MP, died in Flanders, 1747 (mentioned above).
A son of one of the Forresters of Carden married about 1496 the heiress of Strathenries of that ilk, and the estate continued in the name of Forrester till the reign of King Charles the Second, when a younger son of Douglas of Kirkness married the heiress, and got the lands. Note that George, 1st of Kirkness, married a Forrester of Strathendry.
In 1684, a charter was ratified in favour of Sir William Bruce of Kinross which makes mention of 'Robert Douglas of Strathhendry, Mr George and Elizabeth Douglas, children to late Sir William Douglas of Kirkness,' and 'with another charter granted by the principal and masters of St Leonards College of St Andrews, to the said Sir William Bruce and his foresaids, of the lands and barony of Kirkness, with the priories, manse and ward in the town of Kirkness and inch in Loch Leven, called St Serf's Inch, with the boat, fishings and others therein mentioned with the pertinents, lying within the sheriffdom of Fife,'. We note above that Sir William was succeeded by his eldest son, Robert who was born in 1684, and that Sir William was already dead.
*Hon Jean Balfour was previously married to George Oliphant of Gask. Her sister, Hon Susan Balfour, married Robert Douglas of Strathendry. Jean and Robert also had a daughter, Margaret, who married Adam Smith, whose son, Adam, was a Scottish moral philosopher and a pioneer of political economics.
Anna Maria, daughter of Robert Douglas, of Kirkness, (she d. on 21 January, 1844) married on 31 August, 1817 Andrew Clephane, baptised at Portmoak on 14 August, 1780, an Advocate and Sheriff of Fife. He was the son of George Clephane, of Carselogie, who married twice.
Death: 12 Feb 1773 - At her house in Kirkness, Mrs Margaret Douglas of Kirkness - Scots Magazine
Spencer, the 2nd Marquess of Northampton
married, on the 24th July, 1815, Margaret, eldest daughter of
Major-General Douglas Maclean Clephane, of Torloisk, and had issue
four sons and two daughters, all of whom survive him : 1. Charles,
now Marquess of Northampton ; 2. Marianne-Margaret, Viscountess
Alford, married in 1841, and lately left a widow; 3. Lord William
Compton, Capt. R.N. who married m 1844 Eliza, third daughter of
RearAdm. the Hon. George Elliot, C.B. and niece to the Earl of Minto,
and has issue; 4. Lord Spencer Scott Compton, Capt. 15th Light
Dragoons; 5. the Rev. Lord Alwyne Compton, who married in August
?1922 Florence-Caroline, eldest daughter of the late Rev. Robert
Anderson, of Brighton, and niece to Lord Teignmouth; 6. Lady
Margaret-Mary-Frances-Elizabeth, born at Rome in 1830, a few days
before her mother's death.
**RICH, fifth Viscount Irvine, born 6, and baptized at Horsham 23, January 1687-88 ; succeeded his eldest brother 18 May 1714. In 1715 he was appointed Governor of Hull and Colonel of the Life Guards, and on 13 December 1717 Colonel of the 1st Dragoon Guards. In 1720 he was nominated Governor of Barbadoes, but as he was preparing for his departure for that island he died 10, and was buried 17, April 1721, in the Ormond vault in Henry vn.'s Chapel, Westminster Abbey. Administration of his goods was granted to his mother, P. C. C. 27 June 1721. He married, soon after 21 November 1717, Anne, third daughter of Charles (Howard), third Earl of Carlisle. She was appointed in 1736 a Lady of the Bedchamber to the Princess of Wales (mother of George in.), and for the rest of her life was a prominent figure at Court. She was authoress of several poems, and is noticed in Duncombe's Feminead. On 11 June 1737, contrary to the wishes of her relatives, she was married, secondly, at St. George's, Hanover Square, to Colonel (afterwards Brigadier-General) William Douglas, a descendant of the family of Douglas of Kirkness, cadets of the Earls of Morton. He died while in command of the British forces in South Beveland in 1747, and was buried in the chapel at Kew. She died 2 December 1764, and by her will, dated 1 December 1762, with eleven codicils, proved 19 December 1764, she desired to be buried near her second husband at Kew.
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