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Duke of Monmouth







arms of Duke of Monmouth & Buccleugh
The 2nd coat of arms of 1st Duke of Monmouth & Buccleugh  
Duke of Monmouth's coat of arms
Possibly the first coat of arms
James, Duke of Monmouth
Both Charles II and James VII sired numerous illegitimate children. In most cases the children of such liaisons were granted peerages and used their father's royal arms differenced with a baton sinister; for example, Charles Fitzcharles, (dsp 1680) was created Earl ofPlymouth in 1675 and added a baton sinister vair, while Henry fitzroy (d 1690) was created Duke of Grafton in 1675 and used a baton sinister compony argent and azure.

James Crofts, Charles II's eldest illegitimate child by Lucy Walters. was created Duke of Monmouth, Earl of Doncaster and Baron Scott of Tindale (Tynedale) in February J662/63 only a few weeks before he married Anne Scott, Countess of Buccleuch, one of the wealthiest heiresses in the country. The young couple were jointJy created Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch, Earl and Countess of Dalkeith, and Lord and Lady Scott of Whitchester and Eskdale. After his father's death and 1he accession of the catholic James VlI and II, Monmouth became the focus of protestant discontent. He proclaimed himself king in the West Country but was defeated at the battle of Sedgcmoor in 1685, captured a few days later and then beheaded. His honours were forfeited. but those of his wife, from whom he had long since separated, were not and consequently the Buccleuch title and estates passed to their son, from whom the present duke descends.

Monmouth's first coat of arms, granted in 1663 and utilising charges from the royal achievement, was Quarterly. 1st & 4th, Ermine, on a pile gules, three lions passant guardant or; 2nd & 3rd. Or, on an escutcheon azure, three fleurs-de-lys or; all within a double tressure flory counterflory gules. Following his marriage, the royal achievement was used surnounted by an inescutcheon of Scott of Buccleuch: Or, on a bend azure. a, star followed by two crescents or.







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Last modified: Monday, 25 March 2024