The Raeburn Portraits

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Index of first names

Alexander, 10th Duke Elizabeth, nee Graham Mrs Hunter, nee Margaret Douglas Elizabeth Douglas
10th Duke of Hamilton
Elizabeth, nee Graham,
of Brigton
 Mrs Margaret Hunter,
nee Douglas of Brigton
Elizabeth Douglas
Elizabeth Abercrombie James Douglas of Orchardton Sir John James Scott Douglas Lord Douglas
Elizabeth Abercrombie,
Nee Douglasa
James Douglas
of Orchardton
Sir John James
Scott Douglas
Lord Douglas
Lord Douglas William 11th Duke of Hamilton Rev. Robert Douglas Douglas, 8th Duke of Hamilton
Lord Douglas William, later
11th Duke of Hamilton
Rev. Robert Douglas Douglas,
8th Duke of Hamilton

Sir Henry Raeburn (4 March 1756 – 8 July 1823) was a Scottish portrait painter and Scotland's first significant portrait painter since the Union to remain based in Scotland. He served as Portrait Painter to King George IV in Scotland.

Originally apprenticed to a goldsmith, Henry Raeburn showed enormous artistic talent as a young man. In 1784 he moved to London where he met the important portrait painter Joshua Reynolds. He spent some time in Italy but returned to Edinburgh in 1787 where he began painting portraits of the rich, famous and important people of his day. He was in constant demand and received many honours: in 1822 he was knighted when the King visited Edinburgh.

Sir Henry Raeburn died a year later in St Bernard's House (17 St Bernards Crescent), Stockbridge, Edinburgh. He is buried in St. Cuthbert's churchyard against the east wall (the monument erected by Raeburn in advance) but also has a secondary memorial in the Church of St John the Evangelist, Edinburgh.

Raeburn made more than a thousand paintings spanning fifty years.  Those dispayed here may not be the full collection of Raeburn's Douglas portraits.

His sitters include the following:

•  Aboyne, the Countess of. Lady Mary Douglas, daughter of James, fourteenth Earl of Morton, second wife of the fourth Earl of Aboyne ; 40 x 50. Wallis & Son, 1910.
•  Douglas, Lord. Earl of Home. ??Cospatrick Alexander Home, 11th Earl of Home (1799–1881)
•  Douglas, Mrs. (See Elizabeth Graham).
•  Douglas, Margaret, of Brigton, afterwards Mrs. Hunter, of Burnside ; 35 x 26|. Seated, three-quarter length, life-size, in a landscape ; turned to left and looking in same direction. Powdered curly hair. Low white dress, with blue waistband ; her hands folded in her lap. Purchased from the family. Sedelmeyer (1905). Wallis & Son, 1910.
•  Douglas, Rev. Robert, D.D., of Galashiels ; died 1820. Painted about 1813. Raeburn Exhibition, 1876. served his parishioners so well he was called "The Father of Galashiels".
•  Graham, Elizabeth, of Fintry, afterwards Mrs. Douglas of Brigton. Seated in an armchair in front of a tree, turned to right and looking in same direction ; white dress, blue waist-band, muslin frill round neck ; her right arm rests on arm of chair, her hands lie folded in her lap ; three-quarter length, life-size ; 35 x 26. Purchased from the family; Sedelmeyer, 1905. E. R. Bacon, Esq., New York. Sedelmeyer ; Wallis & Son, 1910.
•  Hunter, Mrs., of Burnside. Seated, three-quarter length. Mrs. Cox. (See Mrs. Douglas of Brigton).
•  Elizabeth Stephenson Douglas, wife of Sir Robert John Abercrombie, 5th of Birkenbog. She was the daughter of Samuel Douglas, of the Castle Douglas trading company family.
•  Sir John James Scott Douglas  Oil on canvas by Sir Henry Raeburn (1756-1823), unfinished on his death and probably completed by a pupil, c1823. Douglas here wears the uniform of the 15th Hussars. Raeburn probably abandoned the painting when Douglas transferred regiment in 1819.
•  William, 11th Duke of Hamilton (1811-1863), as a child, painted c.1814 by Sir Henry Raeburn (1756-1823) Formerly hanging in Hamilton Palace, South Lanarkshire, now at Lennoxlove, East Lothian

•  Fettes, Sir Wm., Bart (1750-1836). Founder of the Fertes College, and uncle of Sir. Wm. Fettes Douglas, the eminent Scottish artist. Raeburn exhibition, 1876. Trustees of Fettes College.
•  WEMYSS, FRANCIS, (seventh) EARL OF; born 1779; married, 1794, Margaret, daughter of Walter Campbell,of Shawfield; succeeded his grandfather 1808; inherited the Earldom of March, and lands and lordship of Neidpath, at the demise of William, fourth Duke of Queensberry 1810, as heir male of his great-great-grandmother, Lady Anne Douglas, first wife of David, third Earl of Wemyss, daughter of William, first Duke of Queensberry, and sister of the Hon. William Douglas, who was created Earl of March 1697. The Earl of Wemyss was enrolled amongst the peers of the United Kingdom as Baron Wemyss, of Wemyss, Fifeshire, 1821 : died 1853; succeeded by Francis, his eldest son. Painted 1812.


Sources for this article include:

  • Artnet
  • National Portrait Gallery of Scotland
  • Lennoxlove

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    Last modified: Monday, 06 July 2020