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Archibald Douglas 






Archibald Douglas, (1776-1860), was the son of John Douglas (1745-) and C (1745-) and Cecilia Buchanan (1740-) and a grandson of William Douglas of Leith.

Archibald was in partnership with his two brothers, John and Thomas, who had sugar and cotton estates in the Guianas and the West Indies, on Berbice and Demerara. Together, they formed the Glasgow-based merchant house of J. T. and A. Douglas & Co.

He purchased the estate of Glenfinart in Argyllshire before 1836. The Regality Club refers to him as a merchant in Glasgow in 1811 and the owner of "a share in some property in Glasgow," as well as a member of the Glasgow Golf Club in 1815. Besides his partnership in J., T. D. and A. Douglas and Co., he was a partner in Douglas, Brown and Co., cotton-spinners.

He married Anna McNeill, who survived him and to whom his brother, Thomas Dunlop Douglas, (1 Jan 1776-1869), left a small legacy, and he had at least two, possibly three, children: Anna, John and probably Helen. Anna and John were born before March 1828, the date of the will of Mrs. Cecilia Douglas, who named her brother Archibald and his two children, Anna Glassford and John, as legatees. Anna Glassford married Richard Campbell of Carradale (a small fishing village on the east coast of Kintyre, Argyllshire), who died before Thomas Dunlop's will of July 1867. A daughter, Mary Caroline Douglas Campbell, was one of the important legatees of Thomas Dunlop's estate.

Archibald's only son, John, entered the army. By 1867, when he was named one of the executors of Thomas Dunlop's will, he was Colonel and a C.B., and he was residing at Glenfinart. He had acted on behalf of his uncle Thomas Dunlop in 1862 at the time of the settlement of Mrs. Cecilia Douglas' estate. He was to receive at least £40,000 from Thomas Dunlop's estate.

It seems possible that there was a third child of the family, born after 1828. When Thomas Dunlop, who seems to have been particularly close to the family of his brother Archibald, made provision for the disposal of his personal property after the death of the designated heir, Thomas Douglas Cunningham Graham, or earlier if Graham predeceased him, he named first Helen Stewart, his grandniece and daughter of his niece, Mrs. Helen Douglas, and the late Robert Stewart of Glasserton, in southeast Wigtownshire, then Mary Caroline Douglas Campbell, also his grandniece and daughter of his niece Mrs. Anna Douglas Campbell, of Carradale. Though the arrangement was slightly altered by one of the codicils, suggesting that Mary Caroline Douglas Campbell had either died or incurred some displeasure by February 1868, the family connection is interesting. Named as heirs in the same section of the will and, initially, left similar benefits, Mary Caroline Douglas Campbell and Helen Stewart, both his grandnieces, were possibly daughters of two sisters, Helen and Anna, and grandchildren of Archibald. Sir James in the Diary of his 1864-65 trip mentions Archibald, whom he calls "of Glenart," and says he knew him. As Archibald's children he clearly gives the names of Mrs. Seaton Carr and John Douglas, Glenfinart. The entry "Widow, Mrs. Douglas," referring no doubt to Archibald's widow, is correct, since Archibald had died in 1860.


See also:

  • The Slave Trade
  • Douglas of Glenfinart
  • Merchants and others who received compensation when slavery was abolished (pdf)


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