Archibald Hamilton, 9th Duke of Hamilton

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Index of first names

9th Duke Lady Anne  

Archibald Hamilton, 9th Duke of Hamilton and 6th Duke of Brandon (15 July 1740 – 16 February 1819) was a Scottish peer and politician. He succeeded his nephew, Douglas, in 1799.

He was the eldest son of the 5th Duke of Hamilton and his third wife, Anne Spencer, and was educated at Eton.

In 1768, Hamilton became Member of Parliament for Lancashire and held the seat until 1772. In 1799, he inherited his half-nephew's titles and was appointed his successor as Lord Lieutenant of Lanarkshire.

Hamilton was a prominent figure in the world of Thoroughbred horse racing. Between 1786 and 1814 his horses won seven runnings of the St Leger Stakes at Doncaster.

On 25 May 1765, he married Lady Harriet Stewart (a daughter of the 6th Earl of Galloway) and they had five children:
Lady Anne (1766–10 October 1846), lady-in-waiting to Queen Caroline, who died unmarried (See below)
Alexander Hamilton, 10th Duke of Hamilton (1767–1852)
Lord Archibald Hamilton (1769–1827)
Lady Charlotte (1772–1827), married the 11th Duke of Somerset
Lady Susan (1774–1846), married the 5th Earl of Dunmore

The duke died in 1819 and was succeeded by his eldest son. 


Lady Anne Hamilton (1766-1846) was the eldest daughter of Archibald, 9th Duke of Hamilton. She became lady-in-waiting to the Princess of Wales (1768-1821), the future Queen Caroline, and remained in this position until 1813. She continued to be a staunch friend after the Queen left England in 1814, and took up residence with her in Portman Street, Portman Square, London, after Caroline's return from the Continent in 1820. She accompanied the Queen's body to Brunswick for burial after her death in 1821. However, the only legacy she received was a picture of the Queen. James Lonsdale (1777-1839) exhibited two portraits of Lady Anne at the Royal Academy, in 1805 and in 1815. Judging by the costume, the present picture is thought to be the one exhibited in 1815. Lonsdale also exhibited at the Royal Academy two pictures of Lady Anne's father, the Duke, and one of her brother, Lord Archibald Hamilton, the political reformer. Lonsdale's work is obviously influenced by his more successful contemporary Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830). Lonsdale, a pupil of George Romney (1734-1802), became a fashionable portrait painter himself, and was one of the founders of the Society of British Artists.


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Last modified: Saturday, 18 March 2017