The Douglas battery was an artillery regiment named for Middletown
mayor Benjamin Douglas.
Ector's Brigade was formed during the reorganization of Gen. Braxton
Bragg's command in November 1862, which resulted in the Army of Tennessee.
Gen. Mathew D. Ectorqv was the original
commander of this Civil Warqv brigade
and served until he was wounded in July 1864. Other commanders were Gen.
William H. Young,qv Col. C. R. Earp,
Col. David Coleman, and Col. Julius Andrews.
The original units of the brigade were the Tenth, Eleventh, and
Fourteenth Texas Dismounted Cavalry, and the Douglas Battery (see
DOUGLAS, JAMES P.). The Fifteenth
Texas Dismounted Cavalry (the Thirty-second Texas Cavalry) joined the
brigade soon after it was formed. The Eleventh Texas Cavalry, commanded by
Col. William C. Young,qv was remounted
after the battle of Murfreesboro, and its place in line was taken by the
Ninth Texas Infantry. The Douglas Battery also left the brigade in
early 1863. The Twenty-ninth and Thirty-ninth North Carolina Infantry
regiments were transferred to the brigade in August 1863 and May 1864
respectively and remained with it until the end of the war. Units that
served briefly in the brigade were the Fortieth Alabama Sharpshooters, the
Forty-third Mississippi Sharpshooters, and McNally's Arkansas Battery.
Ector's Brigade participated in the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee,
and took part in the initial assault on the Union right on the morning of
December 31, 1862. In one day of fighting the brigade suffered
thirty-eight killed and 308 wounded. They did not take part in the
fighting on January 2, 1863. The brigade marched to Mississippi and joined
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston'sqv forces in an
attempt to relieve the besieged Confederates at Vicksburg. After the
surrender of that city they participated in the siege of Jackson (July
10-17), before returning to the Army of Tennessee and fighting in the
battle of Chickamauga, Georgia, on September 19-20, 1863. At this battle
the brigade had fifty-nine killed, 239 wounded, and 138 missing.
In September 1863 Ector was again ordered to march his brigade to
Mississippi, and after reaching General Johnston's army it joined Gen.
Samuel French's division in the Army of Mississippi. After Johnston
assumed command of the Army of Tennessee, Gen. Leonidas Polk took command
of the Mississippi army and assembled his forces at Meridian to contest
Gen. William T. Sherman's.qv When the
federals moved, Polk transferred his troops to Demopolis, Alabama, where
they remained until they joined the Army of Tennessee in Georgia in May
Ector's brigade reached Rome, Georgia, in time to defend the town from
Union troops on May 16 before joining Johnston's army at Kingston,
Georgia. It participated in the long retreat toward Atlanta, taking part
in numerous skirmishes and being lightly engaged at Dallas (May 25-June 4)
before seeing action at the Lattermoure House and then at Kennesaw
Mountain on June 25 and Smyrna on July 2-5. After Gen. John Bell Hoodqv
took command of the Army of Tennessee on July 17, Ector's troops remained
in their trenches at Atlanta until they were lightly engaged in the battle
of Peach Tree Creek on July 20.
Once Hood had abandoned Atlanta, French's division was ordered to
attack the federals at Allatoona, Georgia, where Ector's brigade saw heavy
fighting. As a result of this action the brigade had forty-three killed,
147 wounded, and eleven missing out of about 400 troops and did not reach
Hood's army until after the battle of Franklin on November 30, 1864.
Ector's brigade marched north with the Army of Tennessee and
participated in the battle of Nashville (December 15-16) before retreating
to Mississippi. During the retreat the brigade formed part of the rear
guard that ambushed a federal force at Sugar Creek on Christmas Day.
After General Johnston resumed command of the Army of Tennessee,
Ector's Brigade was detached and ordered to Mobile, Alabama, where it
joined other Confederate soldiers defending Spanish Fort (March 27-April
8, 1865). It was forced to evacuate the city and finally surrendered at
Meridian, Mississippi, on May 4, 1865.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.
The Douglas Cannon