Hartlepool (Hertlepole)- Durham - 1312
Robert de Brus died in
the year 1245 and was succeeded by his son Robert who ...builded
the haven and wall about the towne of Hertlepole, with ten towers on
eche syde of the haven, and a chayne to be drawn between them near
the haven, which haven would hold a C (sea) sayle... The importance
here was that this haven was capable of receiving ships and soldiers
from the continent. Moreover, because of the improvements ...Brus
was enabled to support his market and fair at Hartlepool, and to
levy duties on ships and fishing-boats entering his harbour... This
Robert died in 1295.
In 1306, his son, Robert, asserted his claim
to Scotland (a claim which his father too would like to have made).
He (Brus) was declared a traitor and rebel by King Edward II and as
a retaliation ...his manor of Hart, the borough of Hartlepool, and
all other property (owned by him) in the bishoprie of Durham, were
granted to (a favoured Englishman) Robert de Clifford and his heirs
for ever, saving the rights of the church of St Cuthbert... The de
Clifford family held Hart for three centuries.
... In 1312 the
Scots, under Sir James Douglas, (as a pay-back) penetrated to
Hartlepool carrying off much spoil, and many prisoners of both
sexes... Two years later they again ravaged the county plundering
and destroying villages. The frightened inhabitants of Hartlepool
took to the sea in ships for safety.
In 1315, James Douglas is said to have torched the town while its
hapless inhabitants took to the sea for safety and watched from
boats as their homes burned to the ground. Shortly afterwards, the
town walls were built.
Grimms sketch (above) shows the
western walls reinforced with earthwork defences in front, perhaps a
result of repair and re-fortification made by a Scottish garrison
during the Civil War in the 1640s. Sadly, everything in this view
was demolished in the 19th century.
- In historical,
topographical, and descriptive view of the county Duram Volume 1
by Eneas Mackenzie and Marvin Ross 1834 Mackenzie and Dent,
Pilgram Street, Newcastle upon Tyne
- The Local Records of
Stockton and the neighbourhood... by Thomas Richmond 1868
William Robinson, London
26th January, 2013
Sally E Douglas
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