The Douglas Archives Genealogy Pages

Discovering our Douglas Ancestors and their Relatives

James Cleland, LLD[1]

Male 1770 - 1840  (69 years)


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  • Name James Cleland 
    Suffix LLD 
    Born 28th January 1770  Glasgow, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 14th October1840 
    Person ID I72034  My Genealogy
    Last Modified 2 Oct 2017 

    Father John Cleland,   b. 1745,   d. 1822  (Age 77 years) 
    Mother Jean Waddell,   b. 1747,   d. 1788  (Age 41 years) 
    Family ID F40151  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Margaret Rodger,   b. 6 Mar 1766, Greenock, Renfrewshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1792 
    Children 
     1. Jane Cleland,   b. 1793,   d. 1877  (Age 84 years)
     2. John Cleland,   b. 1794,   d. Abt 1848  (Age 54 years)
     3. William Cleland,   b. Abt 1795
     4. Margaret Cleland,   b. Abt 1795
    Last Modified 2 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F32226  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Mary Stewart,   b. Abt 1770 
    Children 
     1. Alexander Stewart Cleland,   b. 1812
     2. Henry Wilson Cleland, MD,   d. 1844
     3. James Denniston Cleland
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2013 
    Family ID F47194  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • James Cleland (227), L.L.D., of Southcroft, was born in Glasgow, 28th January, 1770, and died on 14th October, 1840, aged 70 years. In a biographical notice of him by his grandson, James Cleland Burns, in 1877, it is stated that his forefathers lived in New Monkland ; and a footnote infers that they were descended from the Clelands of Monkland.

      In 1800 he became a member of the Town Council; in 1806 a Bailie of Glasgow; in 1812, Treasurer to the City; and from 1814 to 1834 Superintendent of Public Works. On his retirement, in 1834, " the leading merchants resolved that a subscription should be immediately instituted with the view of presenting him with some tangible mark of the esteem in which his ' unwearied and gratuitous statistical labours ' were held by the community." A sum of 4,600 was raised, " which the Committee resolved should be expended on the erection of a productive building in a suitable part of the town, and to be designated ' The Cleland Testimonial.' The site chosen was in Buchanan Street, and the pile, which is ornate and substantial, was, on its completion, given over to the distinguished statist, to be handed down as an honoured heirloom in his family." The building may still be seen, with its name inscribed above it, at the corner of Buchanan Street, Glasgow. It has recently been sold, and the proceeds distributed amongst the descendants of James Cleland. " Dr. Cleland was the first to construct statistical tables, by which reliable data is afforded of determining the probable average duration of life, both in towns and counties." As an analyst and statistician he published many works (a list of which appears at the end of this work under " Bibliotheca Clelandica "), indicating great trouble and care in their compilation and endless research.

      "Cleland Gold Medal. Dr. James Cleland, Superintendent of Public Works in Glasgow, who died 14th October, 1840, founded a Gold Medal of the value of Ten Guineas, to be bestowed in alternate years on a student of Divinity and a student of Natural Philosophy, as a prize for the best essay onany subject to be prescribed by the Principal and Professors of the University." (University Calendar.)

      He married, firstly, Margaret Rodger, in 1792, secondly,Mary Stewart, in 1811, and had issue by both marriages.

  • Sources 
    1. [S883] Hamish Maclaren.