The Douglas Archives Genealogy Pages

Discovering our Douglas Ancestors and their Relatives

Richard Craddock

Male 1640 - 1712  (72 years)

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  • Name Richard Craddock 
    Born 1640 
    Gender Male 
    Died Jun 1712 
    Person ID I161045  My Genealogy

    Father Tobias Craddock,   b. Bef 1635,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Mother Susannah Bourne,   b. Bef 1635,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F10735  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Esther,   d. Yes, date unknown 
     1. William (of Hartford In Gilling) Craddock,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Susannah Craddock,   d. 8 Sep 1743
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2013 
    Family ID F10734  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Richard Craddock began his career as a factor or agent for the East India Company. His time with the company can be divided chronologically and geographically into three. The first part was spent mostly in the city of Ahmadabad in India (1655-1662) and the second part in Persia (1662?1664). While in India he dealt with Shah Jehan, the builder of the Taj Mahal, and spent much time negotiating terms of trade with one or other of the Shah's rebellious sons. His time in Persia was mainly spent negotiating with the King of Persia to keep the Persian's true to their side of a bargain which allowed the East India Company to collect taxes from ships passing through The Gulf. While negotiating with the Shah of Persia Richard sent a series of letters to the East India office detailing his progress or lack thereof. The third and final phase of Richard's career began on his return to London where he was appointed a Director of the Company on 20th December 1664.

      Richard was also a director, along with Sir Christopher Wren (to whom he was very distantly related), of the Hudson Bay Company. He was also a director of the Bank of England, as well as The Royal African Company. Because the latter company was involved in the slave trade it has been said (possibly by Daniel Defoe) that Craddock liked to sleep "... with his prayer book in his left hand and a company prospectus in his right, without letting either know what the other held."

      In June 1712 Richard died at his house in Devonshire Square. Among the beneficiaries of his will was St Bartholomew?s Hospital: 'I give and bequeath to the Governors of St. Bartholomew's Hospital for the time being fifty pounds for the use of the poor and belonging to the said Hospital'. In a recent communication with St. Barts', the archivist states that: 'We have a record of this donation [receipt dated 27th April 1713] which entitled [Richard Craddock] to become a Governor of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and indeed it is inscribed on one of the benefaction boards that adorn the walls of the Great Hall in the North Wing'