Scotti Di Carpeneto

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Index of first names

armorial Palazzo Scotti 

 

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Ancient and very noble Piacenza family, of Scottish origin, originally called Scotti Douglas, whose branch, from the fifteenth century to the end of the nineteenth, owned the Castle of Carpaneto, from which it draws today's predicate. Davide, living in the XII century, is considered the progenitor of the Scotti family and, from him son, Lanfranco were born Giovanni, Ruffino, Rolando and Rinaldo. The first major exponent of the family was Alberto I Magno. In the sec. XIV the clashes and moments of tension between the Scotti and the Visconti were recurrent: the son of Alberto, Francesco, called "il Milite" (14th century), reaffirmed, in 1335, the power of his family over Piacenza, but he had to surrender it, the following year, in Azzone Visconti.

To stabilize the power of the Scotti  in 1414, Albert II obtained, from the Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg, the dominion of Fiorenzuola and the recognition as Lord of Douglas and vigoleno.


Carpeneto is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Alessandria in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) southeast of Turin.

Possibly the first fortification was erected by the Malaspina, who in 1180 ceded their lands in Carpaneto, and generally in the area between the Chero and the Vezzeno, to the church of S. Antonino in Piacenza.

The castle is expressly mentioned in the chronicles of 1321 (at that time it belonged to the Scotti), on the occasion of its destruction by the militia of the Visconti, bent on destroying all the strongholds of the Guelphs.

It was rebuilt by Rolando Scotti some time before 1370. In little more than 60 years the castle passed from the Scotti to the Del Cario, to the Anguissola, only to return to the Scotti.

In 1441 Filippo Maria Visconti nominated Alberto Scotti count of Carpaneto. He fortified the castle and the town, surrounding them with a single circle of scarped walls crowned by towers, and a moat.

In 1606 the Castle of Carpaneto became a central point of the Marquessate granted to Cesare Maria Scotti by Ranuccio I Farnese.
The Scotti owned the castle until 1891, when it was acquired by the municipality of Carpaneto.

The more obviously defensive structures have been eliminated over the centuries. Today the building houses the municipal offices.


Source

 

Sources for this article include:
  • Heraldry Institute of Rome


  • Any contributions will be gratefully accepted






     

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    Last modified: Tuesday, 01 February 2022