Edward Douglas-Pennant, 1st Baron Penrhyn
Llandygai (20 June 1800 – 31 March 1886) was a Scottish landowner in Wales, and politician. He played a major part in the development of the Welsh slate industry.
Born Edward Gordon Douglas, he was the younger son of the Hon. John Douglas and his wife Lady Frances (née Lascelles). James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton, was his paternal grandfather and George Sholto Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton, his elder brother.
He inherited the Penrhyn estate near Bangor in north-west Wales
through his wife's father, George Hay Dawkins-Pennant, and changed
his name to Douglas-Pennant by Royal license in 1841. Penrhyn was
the owner of the Penrhyn Quarry near Bethesda, Wales, which under
his ownership developed into one of the two largest slate quarries
in the world. He was also involved in politics and sat as Member of
Parliament for Caernarvonshire between 1841 and 1866. He also held
the honorary post of Lord Lieutenant of Caernarvonshire. In 1866 he
was raised to the peerage as Baron Penrhyn, of Llandegai in the
County of Carnarvon.
Baron Penrhyn, whose family made much of their money from the slave
trade, left £761,880 in his will in 1886 to his son Lord George
Sholto Gordon Douglas Pennant.
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Last modified: Monday, 29 June 2015