Duke of Touraine
Duke of Touraine was a title in the Peerage of France.
peerage was first created in 1360 for Philip, youngest son of King John
II of France. He returned the duchy to the Crown in 1363 on being made
Duke of Burgundy and died in 1404.
The next creation was in 1386
for Louis, youngest son of King Charles V of France. He returned the
duchy to the Crown in 1392 on being made Duke of Orléans and died in
The third creation was in 1401 for John, fourth son of King
Charles VI of France. He became Dauphin of France in 1415 and died
unmarried in 1417.
The next creation was in 1416 for Charles,
youngest son of King Charles VI of France, who succeeded his brother as
Dauphin in 1417. He succeeded as King Charles VII of France in 1422 when
the title merged in the Crown.
The fifth creation was in 1423 for
the Scottish nobleman Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas, a
commander on the French side in the Hundred Years' War. He was killed at
the Battle of Verneuil in 1424. His son Lord Wigtown, absent in
Scotland, was believed in France to have died without issue, so the
title was presumed extinct. When it became apparent that Wigtown had
succeeded his father as Earl of Douglas, he was confirmed in the title
Duke of Touraine, though not the lands. He died in 1439 and the male
line of the fourth Earl of Douglas became extinct on the death of
William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas the following year.
of Touraine was given, by letters-patent in Bourges on 21 October 1424,
to Louis III of Anjou, "King of Sicily" (King of Naples).
1528, the land of Touraine was given by Francis I of France to his
mother Louise of Savoy as an exchange with the Duchy of Nemours, given
to her in 1523.
The next creation was in 1576 for Francis,
youngest son of King Henry II of France, who was created Duke of Anjou
and Berry at the same time. He died unmarried in 1584, when the title
The title of "Duke of Touraine" was awarded
in 1981 by the legitimist pretender, Alphonse of Bourbon, Duke of Cadiz
and "Duke of Anjou", to his second son Louis Alphonse. Following his
brother's death in 1984 and his father's one in 1989, he respectively
became, under the same pretention, "Duke of Bourbon" and "Duke of
Anjou". He is the current legitimist pretender to the title of King of
France as "Louis XX".
As pretender, he didn't reaward the title so
far, awarding his twin sons "Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy" and
"Duke of Berry" respectively.
See also:Bishop Valentin Douglas
Any contributions will be
Errors and Omissions
We are looking for your help to improve the accuracy of The Douglas
If you spot errors, or omissions, then
please do let us know
If you have met a brick wall
with your research, then posting a notice in the Douglas Archives
Forum may be the answer. Or, it may help you find the answer!
You may also be able to help others answer their queries.
Douglas Archives Forum.
||We try to keep everyone up to date with new entries, via our
What's New section on the
We also use
Network to keep researchers abreast of developments in the