The French, Jacobites and the Douglas family

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This page is a stub.  It is a collection of notes relating the French involvement in the Jacobite cause.

•  Alexandre-Pierre de Mackensie-Douglas (sic) or Mackenzie-Douglas, baron de Kildin (1713-1765) was a Jacobite in French service. According to the memoirs of the Chevalier d'Eon, King Louis XV of France sent d'Eon and Mackenzie-Douglas on a secret mission to Russia in order to meet Empress Elizabeth (reigned 1741-1762) and to conspire with the pro-French faction in Russia against the Habsburg monarchy.

He served as the official French chargé d'affaires in St Petersburg from 1755 to 1756 following the re-establishment of Franco-Russian diplomatic relations, which had been broken off in 1748.

Mackensie-Douglas's tombstone was re-discovered in France in 2015

•  Charles-Joseph Douglas, born in 1720, died without posterity in 1788, and Joseph Douglas, born in 1721, ambassador of France in Russia, died without posterity, attached in their youth to the party of Stuarts, followed in 1745 Prince Edward in Scotland and were taken prisoner at the Battle of Culloden. 

•  Captain Charles Guillaume Douglas and Captain d'Hortore Douglas, Capitaine dans le regiment de Languedoc and Capitaine dans le regiment de Drummond ou Royal Ecossais (though not necessarily respectively) were prisoners of the '45 at Penrith

•  Charles Joseph and Joseph-Marie Chevalier said Douglas belong to an ancient family of Scottish descent, came from Picardy and installed in the Bugey since the seventeenth century. Son of Charles Douglas, trustee of the nobility of Bugey and Marie Lilia, they were born in Montreal near Nantua, as is their brother François-Prosper Douglas. The three brothers served in the regiment of Languedoc. Joseph-Marie enters in 1739 as a cadet before moving to the bodyguards of Villeroy. The elder Charles Joseph enters as a cadet in 1740, became a second lieutenant in 1742 and lieutenant in 1744. François-Prosper is a second lieutenant in 1743, lieutenant in 1744 and in 1746 became captain of a company in the 2nd battalion. Charles Joseph and Marie Joseph pursue their career in the Royal Scots, one as second captain in 1744 and the other as a lieutenant. Both were captured in 1746 after the Battle of Culloden. Charles-Joseph becomes captain of a company in 1748 when his brother became first mate the previous year. In 1751 Charles Joseph abandons his company to his brother who becomes captain, and was appointed Governor of Saint-Claude in 1751

•  These two officers appear in the List of Prisoners as Captain Charles Guillaume Douglas and Captain d'Hortore Douglas respectively. 

Charles William Douglas from
Regiment: Irish Piquets Rank: Captain
Prisoner at: Inverness
William spelt Guillaume Surrendered at Inverness on 16 April 1746 and signed his parole on 17 April 1746. Pardoned on condition of permanent banishment. Discharged.

Douglas d'Hortore from France
Regiment: Ecossais Royale Rank: Captain
Prisoner No.: 691 Prisoner at: Inverness, Penrith
Surrendered at Inverness on 16 April 1746 and signed his parole on 17 April 1746.
Imprisoned at Penrith. He was a signatory to the appeal by Lord Louis Drummond on behalf of Captain James Hay of the French Royal Scots on 22 September 1746. Pardoned on condition of permanent banishment.

I leave it to you to decide how many different people are listed above. And I welcome any contribution.

See also:
•  The Douglas family in France



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    Last modified: Sunday, 02 June 2019