Archibald Douglas's Regiment of Foot
raised at Reading from southern counties; known
until 1751 by the names of nine other colonels
Foot or Bedfordshire Regiment was raised in October 1688 by James II in an
effort to muster loyal regiments and thereby counter the threat from William
of Orange. The regiment was raised by Colonel Archibald Douglas at Reading,
one of twelve regiments raised at the time. The regiment was known by the
names of its successive colonels until numbered 16th Regiment of
Foot in 1751, it was then renamed again in 1782 as the 16th
(Buckinghamshire) Foot and then in 1809 as the 16th
(Bedfordshire) Regiment of Foot, Buckinghamshire became the 14th
(Buckinghamshire) Regiment. It only became known truly as the Bedfordshire
Regiment in 1881 split into the 1st and 2nd Battalions
of the Bedfordshire Regiment. The 3rd Battalion was created from
the Bedford Militia and the 4th Battalion the Hertford Militia.
In 1919 it then became the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment which, in
1958, was amalgamated with the Essex Regiment to become the 3rd
East Anglian Regiment (16th/44th Foot). This was
subsequently redesignated in 1964 and again in 1968 to become the 3rd
Battalion, The Royal Anglian Regiment and subsequently renamed, in 1980, the
3rd Battalion (Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire and Essex). In 1992 it
Archibald Douglas was an officer in the Royal Scots, from whom the
nucleus of the regiment were formed.
When the Prince of Orange takes over the throne from James II (James
VII of Scotland), Douglas refuses to serve under the new King and
Robert Hodges is given command of the regiment. Just six other
officers take the oath with Hodges, including Hans Hamilton who
would rise to command the regiment from 1713.
The regiment took part in the Battle of Namur, during King
William's War of 1689-1697. During the War of Spanish Succession
(1701-1714), the regiment distinguished itself, receiving battle
honors at Blenheim in 1704, Ramilies in 1706, Oudenarde in 1708,
and Malplaquet in 1709. In 1747, the regiment was ranked as the
16th Foot and became the 16th Regiment of Foot in July of 1751.
The 16th Regiment of Foot arrived in New York in 1767. The
regiment was immediately sent to Florida where it remained until
the outbreak of the American Revolution. In 1779, the 16th Foot
participated in the defense of Baton Rouge (Louisiana) and the
defense of Savannah, Georgia. In 1781, the regiment returned to
Florida, taking part in the siege of Pensacola before returning
to England in March of the following year.