Buittle Castle, near Dalbeattie, belonged to the Balliol
family. It came into their ownership by the marriage of Lady Devorgilla,
the heiress of the Lords of Galloway, to John Balliol. Both John Balliol
and Robert Bruce (the grandfather of Robert I) had a claim to be King of
Scotland. In 1290, John Balliol was chosen as King of Scotland. During
his reign he spent the winters of 1293 and 1294 at Buittle Castle.
King John Balliol surrendered to King Edward I of England in 1296, and the
English army occupied Galloway - Buittle Castle became an English
In 1312 Robert the Bruce (Robert I of Scotland) led an attack on Buittle
Castle and it was not surrendered until great damage had been done to the
building itself. Bruce had the remains of the castle destroyed to prevent
further resistance to his reign in Galloway. Once he was firmly
established as King, he divided the lands of Galloway amongst his own
friends and supporters, and Buittle passed to Sir James Douglas.
Buittle was rebuilt, only to be destroyed again in the civil warfare that
followed the death of Robert the Bruce.
See also:Parish of Buittle