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Index of first names

Francisco Tudela van Breugel Douglas

 

 

 

 

 

 

Francisco Tudela van Breugel DouglasThe first of three children, Tudela was born in Lima into an upper-class family. His father, Felipe Tudela y Barreda, served as ambassador and his grandfather was a Prime Minister. His mother was jonkvrouw Vera van Breugel-Douglas, daughter of the baron Casper van Breugel-Douglas (member of the Dutch nobility), first Netherlands Ambassador accredited to the Soviet Union.

 

Francisco Tudela van Breugel Douglas (Lima, July 20, 1955) is an expert in International Law and International Relations. Has been a member of the Democratic Constituent Congress of 1993, Minister of Foreign Affairs (1995 -1997), Ambassador of Peru to the UN (1999-2000), Vice President of Peru and President of the Commission of Foreign Affairs of Peru's Congress (2000 - 2001).

He attended school in San Isidro Marist College, culminating in 1971. After a year at the Pontifical Theological Faculty of Civil and Lima, admitted in 1973 to the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, where he would graduate as a lawyer and would become Professor of International Law and State Theory Contemporary International Relations.

In 1980 he was Secretary of the Department of Elections Jury of Lima in the first general elections after 12 years of military dictatorship. In 1983 he was deputy director of the Daily Mail Lima, where he had a daily column. In 1984 he started his collaborations in Listen Magazine and the Daily Express. In 1984, after working briefly Institute for Liberty and Democracy Hernando de Soto, he moved to the University of Navarra, in Spain, where he was assistant professor of political law courses I (Theory of State) and Political Law II (Law Constitutional). In 1988 he moved to the London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK, where he obtained an LLM in International Law and Regulation of Financial Markets.

In 1990 he returned to Peru and was Professor of International Economic Law, State Theory and Contemporary International Relations Master in International Law from the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru. A founding member of the Institute of International Studies (IDEI) of the university. Having this university signed an agreement with the Naval War College, Francisco Tudela was featured ESGN to dictate the course of History of International Relations and Strategic Thinking. He also taught History of strategic thinking in the War College of the Peruvian Army and was speaker of the Center for Advanced Military Studies (CMEA).

International commentator since 1991, Francisco Tudela took over the international segment of the Sunday magazine of America TV, Channel 4 since late 1992. Elected by the Parliamentary list Renovation Party, he served as Vice President of the Commission of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic Constituent Congress. Drafted the current preamble in the "1993 Constitution". In August 1993, presented a paper at the International Symposium on "Democracy and Human Rights in Peru 90", organized by the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, Georgetown University and the University of Maryland, entitled "The Origins of coup of April 5, 1992 ", which blamed the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces (1968-1980) for the debacle social, economic and political life of the 80s, noting that the dissolution of Congress April 5 1992 President Fujimori was a Bonapartist coup as epilogue of a process of dissolution of the state.

At the outbreak of the Cenepa conflict with Ecuador, Francisco Tudela was sent as Ambassador at the United States and Canada to explain the Peruvian position. He had interviews with Secretary of State Warren Christopher, Henry Kissinger and with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada. Alberto Fujimori to be elected President in 1995, appointed on 28 July 1995, to Francisco Tudela as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, a position he served continuously until July 17, 1997. As Foreign Minister, formalized definitely MOMEP Demilitarized Zone on the stage of conflict with Ecuador, exchanged notes with the Republic of Chile returning and canceling calls "Lima Convention", containing one of these notes a comprehensive proposal for delivering outstanding facilities Lima Treaty of 1929, in the port of Arica.

As Foreign Minister, personally led peace negotiations with Ecuador, achieving definitely agree with Ecuador in Quito on February 23, 1996, the position of the neighboring country regarding their limits with Peru, by sharing of notes containing the "remaining impasses" between the two countries. Likewise, the parties failed to agree, in Buenos Aires on June 19, 1996, the role of the guarantor countries of the Rio de Janeiro Protocol, which would be governed exclusively within the terms of the treaty. On October 29, 1996, in Santiago, Chile, Ecuador and agreed with the guarantor countries that talks to the demarcation of the Peruvian-Ecuadorian border would comply with the terms of the Protocol of Rio de Janeiro in 1942, in recognition of the first full time since 1952 boundary treaty validity of Peru-Ecuador.

francisco_escape_hostage
Escaping from the Japanese residence, Lima
The December 17, 1996 was taken hostage by the terrorist group Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement, together with 71 other people, in the Japanese ambassador's residence in Lima. On the morning of December 18, Nestor Cerpa Cartolini, leader of the terrorist group, announced the execution of Tudela, the highest-ranking hostage policy to 12:00 noon. The execution was not carried out, Tudela remaining 126 days as a hostage. During Operation Chavin de Huantar, on April 22, 1997, Tudela escaped his captors - that sought to kill him - until the roof of the residence, where he received a bullet wound in the leg and 60 shrapnel in body. The Peruvian Army Commander Juan Valer Sandoval died on duty covering the escape of Tudela.

In May 1997, he was president of the Regular Session of the XXVII General Assembly of the OAS. He resigned from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on July 17, 1997. That same year he was appointed Director of the Institute of International Studies at the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru. On September 4, 1997 at the National University of Piura conferred the Honorary Doctorate in International Law for the important services rendered to the country. In November 1997 he moved to Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, where he was a Visiting Scholar at the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies. The following year he was appointed Fellow of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at the university. He was also a lecturer at the United States War College, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, USA. In 1999 he was appointed Ambassador Plenipotentiary of Peru to the United Nations, serving in that behalf and as president of the Latin American (GRULA) at the UN until 2000.

In the general elections of 2000, Francisco Tudela was elected Congressman and First Vice President of Peru with the highest vote in history, 840,000 preference votes, by grouping "Peru 2000" led by Alberto Fujimori. Sworn in as Vice President on July 28, 2000. Three months later and as a result of corruption scandals revealed by the "vladivideos" Vladimiro Montesinos, Francisco Tudela resigned on October 23, 2000 to First Vice President Fujimori and the bed, holding the presidency of the Committee on Foreign Relations Congress. Almost a month later and following the resignation of Fujimori to the presidency from Tokyo on November 19, 2000, Tudela temporarily assumed the Presidency of the Congress in the interregnum between the assumption of Valentin Paniagua to the Presidency of the Republic and the election of Carlos Ferrero for president of the legislature. At the end of his term in the Peruvian Congress, Francisco Tudela was appointed in September 2001, Visiting Scholar in the Department of Political Science at Georgetown University in Washington DC, USA ".

Between 2003 and 2007, Tudela moved to Santiago de Chile, where he was a consultant for university reform in the Diego Portales University, Professor of International Relations at the University of Development, Director of the Masters in Diplomacy at the University Finis Terrae, Professor Security and Defence Policy of the European Union Jean Monnet Chair in the EU at the University of the Andes and Associate Professor of Public International Law at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. It was also incorporated into the Chilean Academy of Political and Moral Sciences as an honorary member, but to date has not given its incorporation speech.

In 2007 he returned to Peru and accompanied by his brother Juan Felipe Tudela van Breugel Douglas faced judicially Graciela de Losada, who is preventing them from seeing his father for 92 years, were contesting the custody of the same. By resolution of the Constitutional Court of 4 June 2008, the brothers won Tudela Habeas Corpus which had filed for access to his father. On February 10, 2009, the 12th of Lima Family Court appointed curators Tudela siblings from her father through Resolution No. 291, confirming the same the February 5, 2010, through Resolution No. 214 , of the 2nd Chamber of the Family Court of Lima. Conservatorship of Tudela brothers became res judicata by the judgment on appeal to the Supreme Court of Peru from 12 July 2010. On July 30, 2009, in an interview with Radio Programs of Peru, Francisco Tudela said that if his father was used politically.

 

Note: Translated from an original script in Spanish.

 

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