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Discovering our Douglas Ancestors and their Relatives

Philip Case[1]

Male 1732 - 1814  (82 years)


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  • Name Philip Case  [2
    Born 12 Feb 1731/32  Simsbury, Hartford Co., CT Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died 15 Feb 1814  Candor, Tioga Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Buried Snyder Station Cemetery, Candor, Tioga Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Person ID I115054  My Genealogy

    Father Timothy Case,   b. 16 Mar 1707/08, Simsbury, Hartford Co., CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1754, Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years) 
    Mother Sarah Holcomb,   b. 12 Jul 1713, Simsbury, Hartford Co., CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jun 1780, Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Married 25 Sep 1730  Simsbury, Hartford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 6
    Family ID F46445  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Lydia Soveril,   b. 15 Sep 1736, Simsbury, Hartford Co., CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1810, Candor Or Spencer, Tioga Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Married 30 Nov 1757  Sheffield, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. Lydia Case,   b. Abt 1758, East Barrington, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1834  (Age ~ 76 years)
     2. Timothy Case,   b. 28 Sep 1759, East Barrington, Hampshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1844, Chicago, Cook Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     3. Abraham Case,   b. 28 Dec 1761, Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Feb 1831, North Hebron, Washington Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
     4. Rachel Case,   b. 1764, Hebron, Washington Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1846, Middlebury, Wyoming Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
     5. Reuben Case,   b. 26 Dec 1766, Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 May 1847, Danby, Tompkins Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
     6. Aaron Case,   b. Abt 1768, Hebron, Washington Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Jan 1821, Troy Twp, Bradford Co., PA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 53 years)
     7. Samuel Case,   b. Abt 1772, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jun 1836, Troy, Bradford Co., PA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 64 years)
     8. Sarah Case,   b. 16 Dec 1778, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     9. Semanthy Case,   b. Abt 1780, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1815  (Age ~ 35 years)
     10. Justina Case,   b. Abt 1786, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     11. Leonard Case,   b. 1786, Berkshire Co., MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1864, OH Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2013 
    Family ID F49399  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • DAR Patriot Index: and Index to the Spouses of the DAR Patriots, V. 3, Washington, DC 1986, p.676.

      In 1782 and 1786 there are two Leonard Case's listed in Hebron, Washington Co., NY sons of Philip Case and Lydia ??? in the Gene Pool Database at Ancestry.com.
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      From Susan Johnston's web site:
      Our present-day story of Philip Case's life is filled with questions and contradictions. Despite the fact that the Daughters of the American Revolution have accepted his descendants on the basis of service in the Northern Army in Massachusetts, supporting evidence on file at the N.S.D.A.R. Library contains no documentation explaining the assumption that a man who died in Candor, NY, is the same as the man descendants say fought in the Battle of Saratoga, and is the same man who lived in Alford, Massachusetts, and is the same man who was born in Simsbury, Connecticut. In genealogy, as in real estate, the most important factor is location. Despite similarities in names and ages, documentation of identity is required before deciding that the Philip Case of Candor, NY, is the same as the Philip Case of Alford, Massachusetts. Philip's story will be told in two parts: the first based on evidence created during his lifetime; the second, a discussion of conflicts found in evidence created by his descendants.

      The birth of Philip Case, eldest child of Timothy Case, is recorded in the town records of Simsbury, Connecticut, as 12 February 1731/2. It is followed by the birth records of siblings, Sarah, Timothy, and Martha, the latter born 25 May 1739.1 E. E. Case states that Timothy removed with his family from Simsbury about 1740 to Great Barrington (then Sheffield), Massachusetts, where Timothy died in 1754.5 This identity may be confirmed by land records and the probate and guardianship records which arose from Timothy's death, none of which this author has investigated. The earliest confirmed record of this Philip Case is therefore, his 1757 marriage to Lydia Soveril recorded in the Sheffield, Massachusetts, town records.2 In 1761, Berkshire County was created from Hampshire County and the northern parish of Sheffield became part of what was then called Great Barrington. In 1773, part of Great Barrington was set off to form what became Alford, Berkshire County, Massachusetts. Therefore, at the time the Revolutionary War began, Philip Case was a resident of Alford, Massachusetts.

      In 1777, men were called to resist the troops of General Burgoyne. A company from Alford under Captain Sylvanus Wilcox was one of two area companies in the regiment of Colonel John Ashley that answered this call. Philip Case, private, was on the list of this company. He served a total of nineteen days, from 8 July to 26 July 1777.6 Philip's name on this list does confirm his Revolutionary War service, but does not confirm his presence at either Battle of Saratoga, those taking place later that year. According to Great Barrington history, though, Willcox's company was present at Saratoga, so it is likely that Philip Case was there.

      Philip's eldest son, Timothy, had enlisted in 1775 and Timothy's pension papers, combined with Philip Case's estate file in Tioga County, NY, provide the evidence identifying the Philip Case of Candor with the Revolutionary soldier of Alford. The 1 February 1830 deposition of Abraham Case in this pension file begins, "Abraham Case of Hebron in said county [Washington County, NY] being duly sworn deposeth and saith that he is a brother of Timothy Case - that in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and and seventy five this deponent lived in Alford in the County of Burkshire in the state of Massachusetts with his father and mother and the said Timothy his brother. . .". 7 This same Abraham Case was named executor in the 1811 will of Philip Case of Candor, NY, and identified there as Philip's son.3 Timothy Case's actual signature is found on only one affidavit in his pension file, but that signature is identical to one found on a 5 May 1814 receipt in Philip Case's Tioga County estate file.3

      Land records of Hampshire and Berkshire counties have not been personally examined by this author. Evidence of four land transactions by Philip Case are known, however: a 1761 quit claim deed from Jeremiah Olmsted of a place called the County Land West of Stockbridge to Philip Case of Sheffield, Berkshire County, Massachusetts;8 and three land sales from Philip Case to Ephraim Case: land in Gore, 25 December 1770, and lands in Sheffield, 15 September 1784 and 14 June 1790.5 These land transactions must be examined. Land descriptions may be similar in the various documents, identifying Philip's exact residence in Berkshire County. After the Revolutionary War, Philip's children began their migration west into the state of New York. The latter land documents may identify Philip's residence as Hebron or Granville, NY, adding more evidence for Philip's own journey from Alford to Candor.

      Sometime between Philip's 1777 military service and the year 1784, Philip and his family left Alford, Massachusetts, for the area now known as Washington County, NY. His name appears on an undated tax list for the Black Creek District, Charlotte County, NY, with sons Timothy and Abraham Case. Philip owed a tax of £00-06-09½ for real estate valued at £28-00 and personal property valued at £20-15. This tax could be paid in wheat: one bushel one peck three quarts.9 Although undated, this tax list must predate 2 April 1784 when the New York legislature passed a law changing the name Charlotte County to its present name of Washington County. The earliest land record involving Philip recorded in Washington County is a mortgage deed dated 10 April 1789 and recorded 15 June of the same year. Philip Case "of Hebron township" mortgaged 666 acres of land in Granville township for the sum of £176-10-10 from Lt. David Bory, the owner of the Bory Tract.10 He remained in Hebron and is recorded on the federal censuses of 1790 and 1800 in that town.11,12

      Four land records executed between December 1801 and June 1802 have been recorded in Washington County records in which Philip sold about 400 acres of the 666 acres he owned in Granville township.13 In a deed executed 29 February 1804, Philip Case, then called "of the town of Owego" in Tioga County, NY, bought land described as "Lot Number Seven in the Second Tier of Lots in the northeast Section of the Ninth Township in the Twelve Townships so called containing one hundred and four acres of Land" from a Reuben Case.4 Philip Case removed with his wife and at least one of his children to this property on the Catatunk Creek just west of modern Gridleyville in Candor township. Here he opened the first store in Candor and lived the remainder of his life. Philip Case sold a small piece of land Candor, Tioga Co., NY, to the Farmington Society for use as a burial ground on 30 October 1812.14,4

      On 22 November 1814, Philip Case sold twenty acres off the south end of his Candor lot to his son-in-law, Aaron Pennell.4 This deed narrows Philip's date of death to the three month period between the signing of this deed and the date probate was begun on his estate, 18 February 1815. Philip was buried with his wife in the burial lot he himself had set off on his property several years before.4,15 This small cemetery sits high above the road leading from Gridleyville to Spencer and is now called Snyder Station Cememtery. It is not maintained, but the large number of pine trees keeps the undergrowth to a minimum. This author and other Case family researchers have searched the grounds for Philip's tombstone, or tombstones of other Case family members, but none have been found.16

      Children of Philip Case: The births of Philip Case's children have not been found recorded in Massachusetts or New York records searched to date. The wide variety of indirect sources and family legends have given rise to variations in birth dates and number of children. Sources for the Philip Case family group sheet in the Case manuscript include letter no. 931 from Leonard F. Case dated June 1903, records of Hiram A. Case, and the 1900 Temple genealogy written by Levi Daniel Temple.5 Leonard F. Case, son of Reuben Case and grandson of Philip, was born circa 1832 and died at the age of 100 in April 1932. Hiram A. Case, Reuben's grandson, was born in 1825 and died in 1900. It is likely that family information from these two sources was similar. The Temple genealogy is undocumented, but information on Philip's family probably came from descendants of Philip's son Abraham, as it was his daughter, Elizabeth, who married a Temple.17 Erastus Ely Case may have given preference to the former sources, as his group sheet does not agree with the Temple genealogy. Neither reference appears to give an accurate or complete picture of Philip's family. Because the information given here differs from both the Case manuscript and the Temple genealogy, a discussion of the evidence is warranted. First, Philip's 1811 will names ten children in this order: five sons, Timothy, Abraham, Reuben, Aaron and Samuel; and five daughters, Lydia, Rachel, Semanthy, Justinia, and Sarah.3 Both Case and Temple list Philip's children as being born males first, but vary the order within the gender group and assign birth years where necessary to accomodate the supposed birth order. It is more likely that Philip followed the common practice of naming his children in birth order within their gender, males first. The dates of birth which have been discovered tend to support this assumption and the children listed below follow this new birth order. The Temple genealogy includes an eleventh child, Leonard, born 1786. Case does not include this child in his listing, but does mention the possibility.5,18 However, no contemporary documents found to date support the existence of this child. In fact, a memorial record written by Philip's granddaughter, Miriam (Case) Vorhis, states explicitly that her father, Aaron, was one of ten children, five sons and five daughters.19 Philip did have a grandson Leonard, born 1793, son of Abraham Case. A note in the Case manuscript suggests why some Philip Case descendants favored this hypothetical son. "Leonard Case, claimed to be the Leonard Case of Cleveland, whose son left a large estate." This information came from the July 1903 letter of Leonard F. Case (Reuben, Philip) to E. E. Case. The Leonard Case of Cleveland, however, was born in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, the son of Meshach Case.

      Although Philip Case's will does name his ten children, he does not include his daughters' married names or the residences of any children, nor do the records found to date in his estate file name each child. Direct evidence does exist for the following relationships, however.

      * Abraham Case, executor of Philip's estate, is called his son and accounts filed by Abraham identify him as the Abraham Case of Hebron, Washington County, NY.
      * Timothy Case, son of Philip, is identified with the Timothy Case of Alford, Massachusetts; Middlebury, VT; and Cook County, Illinois, by his signatures found on a receipt in Philip Case's estate file and on affidavits in his Revolutionary War pension file. The receipt calls the payment an advance on "his portion".
      * Aaron Case, son of Philip Case, is identified with the Aaron Case of Bradford County, Pennsylvania, through a land record in which he deeds his 1/7 share in his father's estate to William Case [his nephew].
      * Samuel Case, son of Philip Case, is identified with the Samuel Case of Bradford County, Pennsylvania, through a land record in which he deed his share in his father's estate to Abraham Case. Note that Abraham's expense account lists a charge of $12.00 "To cash pd. for 2 witnesses from Sugar Creek [home region of Aaron and Samuel Case] to attend & expenses settling an arbitration & their expenses" dated 1 February 1816, the date the above deeds were executed.
      * A 1 February 1816 charge of $5.50 is labelled "To attending an arbitration with Reuben Case". No residence identifies him, but the Reuben Case of Troy, Pennsylvania, and Danby, NY, is closely associated with Aaron Case (above) throughout his life.
      * Sarah Case, daughter of Aaron Case, is identified with Sarah, wife of Aaron Pennell, in a deed in which she deeds her 2/7 share in her father's estate to Abraham Case. In accordance with her father's will, she received twice her brothers' shares.

      Lydia Soveril was born 15 September 1736 in Simsbury, Hartford Co., CT.20,18,21,1 She probably died before 1811 Candor, Tioga Co., NY, as she is not named in her husband's will.21 She was buried in on the family lot, Candor, Tioga Co., NY.4

      The Case manuscript states that Philip Case married Lydia Holcomb circa 1761 in Hebron, NY. As both the Temple genealogy17 and Sheffield, Massachusetts, marriage records2 show that Philip Case married Lydia Soveril, Dr. Case must have taken this information from either the records of Hiram A. Case (1825-1900), the great grandson of Philip and Lydia, or letter no. 931 dated June 1903 from Leonard F. Case (1833-1932), Philip's grandson. Both these informants were descendants of Philip's son Reuben and it is with this branch that the idea of a Philip Case-Lydia Holcomb marriage seems to have entered family lore. A letter from Merritt Birdsell Case [Leonard's brother] to his niece Helen Palmer dated 3 August 1914 was partially transcribed in a 1965 letter found in the N.S.D.A.R.'s Philip Case file:
      Len is 82 years old, 7 years older than myself; He is hail & hearty, allso has good memory and Explained Evrything as near he knew. . . .
      Our greate grand father Case was of an English decent. Our greate grand father Timothy Case came over on the May Flower with his 2 brothers and his wife (a Welch lady) to America. . . . Timothy with his wife settled in VT or Mass. and there raised a famley. One of his Sones Philip Case our grand father moved to the Eastern part of NY and marrid Lidy Holdcome; there raised a large famley.6

      The writer of the 1965 letter, called only AB, points out the Mayflower absurdity and notes that she believes that the Holcomb name actually referred to Philip's mother, Sarah Holcomb. A second record found in this branch of the family is a recopied family Bible. On the Memoranda page of the undated Bible is the following: "Philip Case Sr. born in England 1740, married to Lydia Holcomb (born 1740) at Hebron N.Y. He died 1816 at Candor N.Y."22 Records in this Bible were copied 20 November 1898 by Adrial Hebard Case, Reuben's grandson, "from an old bible." Judging from the order of information copied in this Bible, the original was probably the family Bible of Elihu Case, Hebard's father. Notes on relationships and earlier generations appear to be added by Hebard and are in conflict with contemporary evidence. For example, Philip Case's death date of 1816 is incorrect as probate of his estate was begun in February 1815. Pending the discovery of additional primary evidence, it seems safe to assume that in the matter of Lydia's maiden name the Case manuscript is incorrect. She was Lydia Soveril, not Lydia Holcomb.

      Lydia's birth is recorded in Simsbury town records with the births of her siblings.1 Her father, Abraham Soverhill, died before 12 August 1746, the date her older brother, also an Abraham, was appointed her guardian, as well as the guardian of three other minor siblings: Anna, Samuel, and Reuben.23 At the time, Lydia was only nine years old. Her brother Abraham was a resident of Newark, Connecticut, in 1746; but some members of this family appear to have removed to Sheffield, Massachusetts. In addition to Lydia's marriage to Philip Case, the marriages of sisters Rachel2 and Anna2 are also found in the Sheffield marriage records.

      Lydia was not named in her husband's will of 9 July 1811 and so it is assumed that she died before this date. Tioga County, NY, land records confirm, though, that she was buried with her husband in the family burial lot now called Snyder Station Cemetery.4,15 Her tombstone, if it ever existed, has not been found.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1484] jontoddgibsoncase, Jon Todd Gibson Case.

    2. [S290] John Case and His Descendants, Ruth Cost Duncan, (1991 Much based on the unpublished manuscript of Dr. Erastus E. Case at the Connecticut Historical Society.), 13 (Reliability: 3).

    3. [S370] Descendants of Thomas Holcombe, R.H.Holcomb.

    4. [S307] Case Family Mailing List, Case-Family-L@Rootsweb.com, Posting by Jim Carn , 164 West Hills Drive, Williamsport, PA 17701 on 12/29/2002 (Reliability: 3).

    5. [S437] A Few Family Genealogies, Susan Goss Johnston , (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~mdtmgug/index.htm).

    6. [S289] Simsbury Vital Records.