The Douglas Archives Genealogy Pages

Discovering our Douglas Ancestors and their Relatives

Agnes de Graham[1]

Female Bef 1344 - Yes, date unknown


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  • Name Agnes de Graham 
    Born Bef 1344 
    Gender Female 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    Person ID I105071  My Genealogy

    Father Nicholas de Graham 
    Mother Mary (of Strathearn) 
    Family ID F11627  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Sir John Douglas, Of Lothian,   d. Abt 1325, Haywood, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Oct 1344 
    Children 
     1. Sir James (1st of Dalkieth) Douglas,   d. Bef 1350
     2. Sir William De Duglas, Knight Of Borg,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Sir Henry De Duglas, Knight Of Lochleven,   d. Bef 1393
     4. Thomas De Duglas,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Nicholas (1st Laird of Mains) Douglas,   b. Bef 1348, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. by May 1406, Mains Of Lanarkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years)
     6. Ellen De Duglas,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Mary De Duglas,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. Elizabeth De Duglas,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2013 
    Family ID F45690  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 John Monfode,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2013 
    Family ID F20958  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Two charters in the Registrum Honoris de Morton provide proof
      of the placement of Agnes, wife of John de Monfode, as a daughter of
      Sir Nicholas de Graham and Mary of Strathearn. The first,
      identified as 'Carta de Hawthornsike', is a grant of the lands of
      'Hawthornesyk' in the barony of Abercorn to Agnes de Monfode by
      John de Graham, lord of Abercorn, dated at Lochleven, 5 Aug
      1340. As John de Graham of Abercorn and Dalkeith, son of Sir
      Nicholas, had died on 25 April 1337, the John de Graham of the
      1340 charter is clearly his son and heir.

      The past difficulty (at least in part), and the correct
      identification is based primarily on the language of this charter.
      The editor rendered the text as a grant by John de Graham to ' my
      dear friend, lady Agnes de Munfode ' [" dil'ce amice mee d'ne
      Agneti de munfode "]. The word "amice" was an apparent error in
      the transcription of the charter, which I confirmed today with
      Andrew B. W. MacEwen. The word actually is "amite": the correct
      translation of the text would then read as a grant to
      'my dear aunt, lady Agnes de Munfode'.

      That Agnes was a sister of the elder Sir John de Graham (and
      daughter of Sir Nicholas), and not his sister-in-law, is indicated
      by the word "amite", indicating that she was a paternal aunt
      [nominative form "amita"]. A subsequent charter confirms this: a
      subsequent grant of the lands of 'Hawthornsike' by William Mure of
      Abercorn, dated 5 April 1361 mentions 'lady Agnes de Montfode,
      relict of the deceased John de Montfode ' ["d'ne Agnetis de
      montfode relicte quond' Joh'is de montfode"]. Her name was de
      Monfode, but (obviously) by marriage.

      That Agnes, wife of Sir John de Douglas, was a niece of Agnes
      (de Graham) de Monfode and not identical to her, is further
      supported on chronological grounds. Sir John de Graham (son of Sir
      Nicholas and his wife Mary of Strathearn) was born before 19 May
      1278: an inquisition of 19 May 1306, concerning the Muschamp
      inheritance, found that he was 28 years of age [possibly phrased as
      '28 years and more']. Agnes de Graham had a dispensation for
      her marriage to Sir John de Douglas in October 1344, by which
      date she had issue and evidently continued producing offspring
      after that date (they had a total of 9 sons and daughters that
      are known). Assuming a minimal range of 15 years to produce 9
      offspring, from say 1335/1340 to 1350/1355, Agnes would reasonably
      be assumed to have been born between say 1290 and 1320, but
      probably no earlier than between say 1295 to 1300. Mary of
      Strathearn was born sometime before 20 March 1248/9, as an IPM
      dated 20 March 1254/5 found that she was aged 6 [presumably,
      '6 and more'] [6]. The latest point at which we might assume a
      child to have been born to Mary of Strathearn by Nicholas de
      Graham would have been between say 1288 and 1294. It would be
      an extreme stretch to place Agnes, wife of Sir John de Douglas,
      as a daughter of Mary of Strathearn given these constraints.

      She had by John Doglas had a total of 9 sons and daughters that
      are known

  • Sources 
    1. [S883] Hamish Maclaren.